Can Chickens Drink Milk? Answering All Your Poultry Questions

Article Summary

  • Chickens can benefit from certain types of dairy in moderation, as milk provides them with protein, calcium, vitamins, and other key nutrients.
  • Not all milk products are suitable for chickens, and factors like the type of milk, quantity given, and the chicken’s age should be considered before offering any dairy.
  • Milk is not toxic to chickens, but their digestive systems may struggle with the lactose in regular milk, leading to potential issues such as diarrhea and dehydration.

Have you ever wondered if chickens can drink milk just like humans do? Chickens may not be considered traditional milk drinkers, but they can actually benefit from certain types of dairy in moderation. Milk can provide chickens with protein, calcium, vitamins, and other key nutrients to support their health and development.

However, not all milk products are created equal when it comes to chickens. The type of milk, quantity given, and chicken’s age are all factors to consider before offering any dairy. Read on as we fully explore the ins and outs of giving milk to chickens.

Is Milk Safe for Chickens? Understanding the Benefits and Risks

Chickens can safely drink milk in modest quantities, though it should be given only as an occasional treat. Milk is not toxic to chickens and provides nutrition from protein, fat, calcium and more. However, chickens’ digestive systems are not well equipped to process the lactose found in regular milk.

Too much dairy can lead to diarrhea, dehydration and other issues in chickens. It’s best to stick to small amounts of milk designed for poultry rather than large quantities of cow’s milk. When fed responsibly, milk can be a healthy supplemental food for chickens. But moderation is key to avoiding adverse effects.

Is Milk Good for Chickens? A Look at the Potential Benefits

In short – yes, milk can be good for chickens when fed properly. Here are some of the benefits chickens can gain from certain dairy products:

  • Extra protein for growth and egg production
  • Calcium for bone health and hard eggshells
  • Probiotics for healthy guts in yogurt or kefir
  • Vitamins A, D, E, K for immune and reproductive health
  • Healthy fats for energy and cushioning internal organs
  • Electrolytes like potassium and sodium to prevent dehydration

The nutritional boost milk provides can support chickens’ development, immunity, egg-laying, and overall wellbeing. But sticking to poultry-specific milk is ideal over standard cow dairy.

Why is Milk Good for Chickens? Nutrients That Support Poultry Health

Milk contains a number of key nutrients chickens need in their diet. Here are some of the reasons dairy can be beneficial:

  • Protein for muscle growth, tissue repair, enzymes, and egg production
  • Calcium for proper bone formation and strong eggshells
  • Vitamin D for calcium absorption and immune health
  • Vitamin A for reproduction, vision, immunity
  • Vitamin K for blood clotting and bone metabolism
  • Potassium to support nerve signaling and prevent dehydration
  • Healthy fats for energy reserves and cushioning organs

Milk provides a well-rounded nutritional package that targets some of chickens’ main dietary requirements. The nutrients in milk can fill gaps that may be missing from a chicken’s regular feed. This makes it a potential supplement especially for younger, laying, or undernourished chickens.

What Type of Milk Can Chickens Drink? Choosing the Right Dairy

The best milk choices for chickens include:

  • Powdered milk formulated for baby chicks
  • Powdered milk replacer designed for poultry
  • Full-fat plain yogurt or kefir
  • Goat milk or sheep milk in small doses

Steer clear of:

  • Whole cow milk – can cause digestive issues
  • Chocolate or flavored milk – too much sugar
  • Non-fat or low-fat milk – not enough nutrients
  • Soy milk – chickens gain few benefits from soy


Poultry-specific milk powders or yogurt are safest, as they are easier for chickens to digest. Always avoid spoiled, flavored, or sugary milk, as chickens have sensitive digestive systems.

Can Chickens Drink Soy Milk? The Verdict on Plant-Based Dairy

Chickens gain very little nutritional value from drinking soy milk. Soy milk is made for humans and does not contain the balanced nutrition chickens need. It also includes compounds that can disrupt chickens’ thyroid function if consumed regularly.

Small tastes of soy milk given as a treat are unlikely to cause harm. But chickens have no biological imperative to drink plant-based milk. Due to the minimal benefits and potential risks, soy milk should not be a regular part of a chicken’s diet. Stick to animal-based dairy products formulated for poultry for a healthier choice.

How Much Milk Can Chickens Drink? Recommended Amounts by Age

The ideal amount of milk for a chicken depends on their age:

  • Baby chicks – unlimited chick starter milk for the first 4-6 weeks
  • Pullets – 1-2 tbsp of milk replacer 2-3 times per week
  • Laying hens – 1-2 tbsp of yogurt/kefir 2-3 times per week
  • Roosters – do not regularly require milk but can have small tastes

Overdoing dairy with adult chickens can lead to loose droppings or diarrhea. Watch their manure to ensure milk is not causing any digestive upset. Adjust amounts down if needed.

For younger chickens, powdered chick starter milk can be left available at all times to support growth. As chickens mature, transition them to more modest amounts better suited to their digestive capabilities.

How to Feed Milk to Chickens? Tips for Safe Administration

When feeding milk to chickens:

  • Use clean containers chickens cannot tip over or soil with droppings
  • Provide fresh milk – do not leave it sitting out once served
  • Give chickens time to finish milk before closing up coop at night
  • Mix powdered milk replacers thoroughly so no clumps remain
  • Offer yogurt or kefir at room temperature – chilling reduces aroma
  • Introduce new dairy products gradually to observe effects
  • Ensure adequate water is always available in addition to milk

Avoid forcing milk into a chicken’s beak – this risks aspirating the fluid into their respiratory tract. Allow chickens to drink voluntarily to prevent any potential inhalation.

Can Baby Chickens Drink Milk? Milk’s Role in Early Development

Baby chicks should have unlimited access to a complete chick starter milk replacer for their first month of life. Like mammal newborns, baby chickens rely on milk as a perfectly balanced source of early nutrition.

Chick milk supports rapid growth of muscles, organs, and bones during this developmental stage. It contains the proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins, and minerals chicks need while their digestive system matures enough to transition to feed.


Never give newly hatched chicks water or adult chicken feed before they are at least 4-6 weeks old. Chick starter milk should remain their sole food source during their first critical weeks.

Is Milk Good for Sick Chickens? Using Dairy to Support Recovery

Small amounts of yogurt or milk replacer can benefit chickens recovering from illness. The nutrients help chickens regain strength and stabilize digestive function after a sickness.

…chickens who are actively ill should not be fed dairy…

However, chickens who are actively ill should not be fed dairy until they are holding food down again. Milk may worsen diarrhea associated with certain infections. Wait until symptoms resolve before slowly reintroducing nutritious dairy foods.

After an illness, the nutrients and probiotics in yogurt or kefir support chickens’ return to health. But dairy should be given conservatively until the chicken fully recovers.

What Can Chickens Drink Other Than Water? Safe Alternatives

Chickens should have constant access to fresh, clean drinking water. But besides water, chickens can healthily enjoy:

  • Powdered milk replacer for chicks/pullets
  • Yogurt or kefir for adult chickens
  • Clear chicken broth on occasion
  • Fresh juiced produce like apple or carrot juice
  • Canned pumpkin (pureed) during molting
  • Herbal teas like chamomile, lavender, mint


Avoid offering chickens coffee, soda, alcohol, or other human beverages. Also do not give moldy, fermented, or spoiled drinks that can make chickens sick.

In summary, chickens can occasionally enjoy dairy and other fluids beyond water. But their main hydration source should always be fresh, clean drinking water. Monitor chickens when offering milk or other liquid treats and discontinue use if any adverse reactions occur.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it OK to give chickens milk?

Yes, it is generally okay to give chickens milk in moderation. Milk can be a source of calcium and protein for chickens. However, it’s important to offer it as a treat rather than a primary source of nutrition and to monitor for any signs of digestive upset.

How much milk should I feed my chickens?

The amount of milk to feed chickens depends on their size and the overall composition of their diet. As a treat, a small amount, such as a few tablespoons, can be given occasionally. It’s crucial not to replace their regular feed with milk and to maintain a balanced diet.

Can chickens drink 1% milk?

Yes, chickens can drink 1% milk. The fat content in 1% milk is lower compared to whole milk, making it a lighter option. As with any treat, moderation is key, and it’s essential to monitor how chickens respond to the milk, especially if it’s their first time consuming it.

Can you overfeed chickens?

Yes, chickens can be overfed, and it’s important to avoid excessive treats, including milk. Overfeeding can lead to nutritional imbalances and health issues. Stick to recommended feeding guidelines, provide a balanced diet that includes poultry feed, grains, and vegetables, and use treats like milk sparingly to maintain the health of your chickens.