Can Chickens Eat Broccoli? How to Feed Broccoli To Chickens

Article Summary

  • Broccoli is generally considered safe and nutritious for chickens to consume. It contains vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can benefit their health.
  • When feeding broccoli to chickens, it is important to introduce it slowly and in moderation to avoid digestive upset.
  • Rotten or moldy broccoli should be avoided, as it can pose a risk of illness to chickens.

Broccoli is a nutritious vegetable that offers many potential health benefits for chickens. However, chicken owners often wonder whether these leafy greens are safe and healthy for their feathered friends. This article will explore all the key questions around feeding broccoli to chickens.

Is Broccoli Safe for Chickens to Eat?

Fortunately, broccoli is generally considered a safe vegetable for chickens to consume. Both the florets and stems of broccoli plants contain nutrients that can support chicken health. Broccoli is not toxic to chickens.

However, there are some considerations to keep in mind:

  • Broccoli should always be introduced slowly and in moderation to avoid digestive upset. Gradual introduction allows the chicken’s gut flora to adjust.
  • Raw broccoli contains natural compounds that make it slightly harder to digest. Light cooking can make it more digestible.
  • Rotten or moldy broccoli should always be avoided, as it poses a risk of illness. Always remove any old veggies from the coop.


So while broccoli is chicken-safe, proper portions and freshness are key. When fed correctly, broccoli delivers valuable nutritional benefits.

What Are the Benefits of Feeding Broccoli to Chickens?

Here are some of the top benefits of adding broccoli to a chicken’s diet:

Excellent Source of Vitamins and Minerals

Broccoli contains vitamins A, C, K, B6, and B9 (folate). It also provides minerals like manganese, potassium, iron, and phosphorus. These all support immune health, bone strength, and egg production.

Antioxidants for Immunity

The vitamins and compounds in broccoli have antioxidant properties that combat free radicals. This can boost immune defense against viruses and bacteria.

Aids Digestive Health

The fiber, vitamins, and minerals in broccoli promote good digestion and healthy gut bacteria. This improves food absorption and nutrient intake.

Supports Egg Yolk Color

Certain compounds in broccoli, like vitamin A and beta-carotene, can contribute to richer, more vibrant egg yolk colors.

Bioactive Compounds and Phytonutrients

Broccoli contains diverse bioactive compounds like sulforaphane and indole-3-carbinol. These provide anti-inflammatory and chemoprotective benefits.

So broccoli’s many nutrients and plant compounds make it a valuable supplemental food for backyard chickens. It covers many nutritional bases when fed properly.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Raw?

Chickens can safely eat raw broccoli in moderation…

Chickens can safely eat raw broccoli in moderation. However, raw broccoli may be more challenging for some chickens to digest.

The fibrous stalks and florets contain an indigestible compound called raffinose. Plus, raw broccoli is very crunchy and dense. So for sensitive chickens, go easy on raw portions.

To improve digestibility, many chicken owners lightly steam or cook broccoli before serving. This softens the vegetable and breaks down the raffinose sugars. Cooked broccoli may be better tolerated, especially for younger chicks.

So raw broccoli is fine for most chickens, but watch for signs of tummy troubles. For picky eaters, cooking broccoli until just tender can help. Avoid overcooking, which reduces the vitamin content.

Can Chickens Eat Cooked Broccoli?

Yes, chickens can eat cooked broccoli without issue. In fact, cooking broccoli lightly can make it easier to digest while still retaining nutrients.

To prepare cooked broccoli for chickens:

  • Chop or dice the broccoli florets and stems into small pieces.
  • Steam, boil, or sauté the broccoli for 3-5 minutes until just fork tender. Do not overcook.
  • Let the broccoli cool to a chicken-safe temperature before serving.
  • Mix the cooked broccoli into feed or serve it separately as a treat.

Any cooking method like steaming, sauteing, or boiling is fine. Avoid overcooking the broccoli into a colorless mush. Cook broccoli pieces for 3-5 minutes until just fork-tender, then let cool before feeding to chickens.

Also avoid seasoning cooked broccoli with any salt, butter, or oil. Plain cooked broccoli is healthiest for chickens.

Cooked broccoli may be more appealing to young chicks as well. The softer, moist texture is easier for baby beaks to manage.

What Parts of Broccoli Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can eat all parts of a broccoli plant, including:


The broccoli florets or heads are the most commonly eaten part. Both raw and cooked florets are nutritious and safe for chickens. Chop the florets into bite-size pieces before feeding.


The long, thick broccoli stems are also edible for chickens. They may take longer to break down, so chop stems finely or cook them before feeding. Stems provide fiber.


Chickens can eat the green broccoli leaves as well. The leaves offer vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals.


The tough main stalks can be eaten if chopped into small pieces. Stalks may be stringy when raw, so cooking them softens the texture.

So chickens can enjoy broccoli heads, stems, leaves, and stalks for a nutritious balanced snack. Just introduce the new veggies slowly in case some chickens are picky eaters.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Plants?

Broccoli is part of the cabbage plant family. So chickens can enjoy eating from fresh broccoli plants in the home garden, too.

The entire broccoli plant provides edible nutrition:

  • Fresh broccoli heads can be broken off the plant and fed as treats.
  • Tender young leaves are safe for chickens to forage and graze on.
  • Chickens will enjoy pecking apart waste plant matter and trimmed stalks discarded after harvest.

However, broccoli plants should be grown organically without the use of chemical pesticides or fertilizers. Contaminants on conventionally grown plants could make a backyard flock sick.

But letting free-range chickens graze on homegrown broccoli plants provides natural foraging enrichment and nutrition from garden to coop.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Heads?

The broccoli heads (or florets) are the most commonly eaten and enjoyed part of the broccoli plant for chickens. Both raw and cooked broccoli heads are safe and nutritious for chickens.

To prepare broccoli heads for chickens:

  • Cut the heads off the thick stalks, leaving 2-3 inches of stem attached.
  • Rinse the heads well and allow to dry.
  • Chop the heads into smaller florets and pieces for easier eating. Pieces should be no bigger than a chick’s beak.
  • For a softer texture, lightly steam the florets before feeding. Don’t overcook.
  • Mix small amounts of chopped broccoli heads into feed. Or serve broccoli as a separate treat in limited portions.

The broccoli heads provide lots of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. Their mild flavor and crunchy-when-raw texture make them popular with most feathered flocks.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Sprouts?

Broccoli sprouts are the tiny shoots that emerge when broccoli seeds begin to germinate and grow. These sprouts are completely edible and safe for chicken treats.

In fact, broccoli sprouts are even more nutritious than full heads of broccoli. Sprouts are dense sources of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and beneficial plant compounds.

Since the sprouts are very small with tender leaves, chickens will have no trouble eating them. Their tiny size means they can be fed without chopping.

To serve broccoli sprouts:

  • Rinse sprouts well and allow to dry fully. Pat off excess moisture.
  • Mix a handful of sprouts into warm cooked feed or grain. The sprouts will stick and evenly coat the feed.
  • You can also offer sprouts in a separate treat dish. Limit portions to avoid waste.

The high nutrition packed into tiny sprouts makes them a superfood snack perfect for chickens. Consider growing your own trays of broccoli sprouts just for your flock.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Florets?

The green, tree-shaped florets are the most recognizable part of a head of broccoli. These broccoli florets are nutritious and safe for chickens to eat.

Both raw and cooked broccoli florets can be fed to chickens in moderation. To prepare:

  • Cut broccoli heads into smaller florets, about chick beak sized.
  • Chop off and discard the very ends of the stalks which are often tough.
  • Rinse florets, allow to dry, then serve pieces in a treat bowl.

For better digestion, briefly steam or saute florets before feeding. This softens them up while retaining nutrients. But avoid overcooking into a mush.


Feed floret pieces as treats, not a main food source. Variety is important, so mix in other fruits and veggies too. The vitamins and minerals in broccoli florets contribute to a balanced diet.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Stems?

The long, thick stems of broccoli can also be fed to chickens safely. However, the stalks are very fibrous and dense in raw form. So broccoli stems may be better tolerated if chopped finely or cooked first.

To prepare raw stems:

  • Wash and dry broccoli stems thoroughly.
  • Trim off and discard the tough bottom of the stalk.
  • Chop the remaining tender stems into very small pieces.
  • Mix a few pieces into feed or serve in a treat dish. Provide only limited amounts.

To cook stems:

  • Peel stems and slice thinly on the bias.
  • Steam or saute stems briefly until just fork tender. Do not overcook.
  • Let stems cool fully before feeding to avoid burn risk.

The fiber and nutrients in broccoli stems makes them a great feed supplement. Just adjust texture with chopping or cooking to match your flock’s preferences.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Stalks?

The thick, central stalks of broccoli plants are also edible for chickens if prepared properly. Raw broccoli stalks are extremely dense and fibrous – harder for digestion. So broccoli stalks should be chopped or cooked first.

To serve broccoli stalks:

  • Trim off and discard the very bottom of the stalk.
  • Chop the rest of the tender stalk into very small pieces.
  • Lightly steam or saute the stalk chunks until slightly softened but not mushy.
  • Allow cooked stalks to cool fully before feeding to chickens.

With dense stalks, err on the side of extra chopping or cooking. Very tiny pieces are easiest for chickens to digest. Cooking makes the stalks more tender and bioavailable while still providing nutrients.


Note that broccoli leaves, stems, and florets may be better starter options before introducing tougher stalks to young chicks. But most adult chickens can manage prepared stalks in moderation.

Can Chickens Eat Broccoli Seeds?

As broccoli goes to flower, it produces clusters of edible yellow broccoli seeds. These seeds and seed pods are nutritious and safe for chickens to eat.

Broccoli seeds provide protein, fiber, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc. They make a great natural supplement sprinkled over feed.

However, broccoli seeds’ small size means they can easily be scratched out and wasted if served freely. To maximize nutrition:

  • Mix just a few pinches of dried broccoli seeds into warm, moistened feed so they stick and coat evenly.
  • You can also sprout broccoli seeds and feed the sprouts for even more benefits.
  • Avoid giving chickens access to mature broccoli plants going to seed, as they may eat too many and scratch out the feed.

With their mild, nutty flavor, broccoli seeds offer variety and nutrition. Just use care when mixing small seeds into feed for your flock. A pinch provides plenty of benefits.

How to Safely Feed Broccoli to Chickens

Follow these tips for safely introducing broccoli into a chicken’s diet:

  • Start with small amounts of 1-2 tablespoons of chopped broccoli per chicken.
  • Gradually increase portions every few days to allow chickens’ digestive systems to adjust.
  • Chop pieces smaller than a chick’s beak to prevent choking hazards.
  • Mix broccoli pieces into warm, moistened feed so they stick and prevent waste.
  • For young chicks, steam or cook broccoli until soft first for easier eating.
  • Serve broccoli as treats, not a primary food source. Provide a balanced diet.
  • Remove any uneaten broccoli within a few hours to prevent rotting.

With patience and proper portions, broccoli can provide great nutrition. Monitoring reactions will ensure the new treat agrees with your unique flock.

Can Chickens Eat Calabrese Broccoli?

Calabrese broccoli is an Italian heirloom variety with a long central stalk and bushy blue-green flower heads. It offers the same nutritional benefits as standard broccoli.

So yes, chickens can safely enjoy Calabrese broccoli as part of a varied diet. This variety may have a more pronounced bitter, leafy flavor. But chickens are not picky!

To prepare Calabrese broccoli for chickens:

  • Chop the stalks, leaves, and florets into bite-size pieces.
  • Lightly steam or sauté the pieces until just tender.
  • Cool fully before serving a few small portions per chicken.

Calabrese is more nutrient-dense than hybrid broccoli. So in moderation, it makes a great superfood treat for chickens to nibble on. The whole plant can be used.

Can Chickens Eat Purple Sprouting Broccoli?

Purple sprouting broccoli is a cool weather crop that produces bountiful stalks of tiny purple floret sprouts. The sprouts emerge along the thick central stalk in late winter and early spring.

These colorful sprouts are safe and healthy for chickens to eat. In fact, purple broccoli sprouts are even more nutrient-rich than standard broccoli heads.

The sprouts provide densely packed vitamins C, K, A, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory compounds. Their small size and tender texture make them easy for chickens to enjoy.

To serve purple sprouting broccoli:

  • Harvest the thin, bright purple stalks with attached sprouts. Rinse well.
  • Allow chickens to nibble the stalk whole, or pluck off sprouts to serve in a dish.
  • Chop longer stalks into 3-4 inch pieces for easier pecking and sharing.

Let your flock enjoy this novel treat! The vibrant color catches chickens’ eyes, and the nutrients support health into the spring.

Can Chickens Eat White Sprouting Broccoli?

White sprouting broccoli is a pale green cousin to the purple variety. It has a milder flavor and precedes purple in the harvesting season. These mini pale sprouts offer the same nutrition as other broccolis.

The lower color intensity simply indicates a bit less antioxidant content. But white sprouting broccoli still provides plentiful vitamins A, C, K, and folate.

Chickens will readily enjoy the tender texture of raw white sprouting broccoli stalks and sprouts. For serving:

  • Harvest fresh white broccoli stalks with attached sprouts. Rinse thoroughly.
  • Allow chickens to nibble the whole stalks, or pluck sprouts into a dish.
  • Chop longer stalks into shorter 3-4 inch segments for easier feeding.
  • Introduce new veggies slowly and in moderation.

In small amounts, the diminutive sprouts provide big nutrition without overloading tiny tummies. Expand your chickens’ veggie horizons with white sprouting treats.

How Much Broccoli Can Chickens Eat?

When feeding broccoli, moderation is key. Chickens should not get more than 1-2 tablespoons of chopped greens per bird daily. Too much raw broccoli could cause digestive upset.

Follow these portion guidelines:

  • For adult chickens, provide 1-2 tablespoons of chopped broccoli pieces per bird per day at first.
  • Slowly increase portions to 1/4 cup 3-4 times per week, if chickens tolerate it well.
  • Free-range flocks that graze on garden plants need less supplemental broccoli.
  • For baby chicks under 12 weeks old, serve just a few tiny pieces of tender, cooked broccoli 2-3 times a week.
  • Leftover broccoli should be removed from the run within a few hours to prevent rotting.

Remember that broccoli is a treat, not a staple food. Feed a balanced base diet, and supplement with small broccoli portions a few times a week for variety.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Broccoli?

Broccoli can be fed to baby chicks, but with some extra precautions. Chicks under 12 weeks old have delicate digestive systems and cannot handle large chunks. But broccoli’s nutrients can benefit their development.

Can chickens eat raw broccoli?

Yes, chickens can safely eat raw broccoli. Broccoli is a healthy treat for chickens and provides nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin K, and calcium. It’s best to feed broccoli to chickens in moderation, as too much can cause loose droppings. Offer chopped or small pieces of raw broccoli and avoid any rotten or moldy parts.

Is broccoli good for chickens?

Broccoli is a nutritious vegetable that can be a good addition to a chicken’s diet. It contains vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that provide health benefits.

Can chickens eat broccoli?

Yes, chickens can eat broccoli. Broccoli provides nutrients like vitamin C, calcium, and fiber. It should be fed raw and chopped into small pieces for easy digestion.