Can Chickens Eat Cashews? What You Need to Know

Cashews on a Wooden Table (image by ReadyElements, Pixabay)

Article Summary

  • Cashews offer chickens benefits like healthy fats, protein, vitamins, and minerals.
  • The risks include digestive upset, weight gain, nutritional imbalances, and choking hazards.
  • Limit cashews to treat-sized portions, not exceeding 10% of the daily diet.

Cashews can make a healthy and tasty treat for backyard chickens. As with any new food, moderation is key when introducing cashews to your flock. Understanding the benefits, risks, and proper ways to feed cashews will help keep your chickens happy and healthy.

Is it Safe for Chickens to Eat Cashews?

Cashews are generally safe for chickens to consume. The nut meat contains healthy fats, protein, and nutrients chickens can benefit from. However, cashews do contain natural toxins that can cause digestive upset if chickens eat too many.

Raw cashews contain urushiol, the same toxin found in poison ivy. This can irritate a chicken’s digestive tract. Roasted cashews do not contain urushiol but can still cause diarrhea or digestive upset if chickens eat too many.

Salted, flavored, or spiced cashews should be avoided, as chickens cannot tolerate high amounts of sodium, sugar, or spices. Only plain roasted cashews, in moderation, are suitable treats for chickens.

What are the Benefits of Feeding Cashews to Chickens?

Cashews provide valuable nutrition for chickens:

  • Healthy Fats – The monounsaturated fats in cashews help regulate cholesterol levels and promote skin and feather health.
  • Protein – Cashews contain amino acids for building strong muscles and producing eggs. About 18% of their calories come from plant-based protein.
  • Vitamins and Minerals – Cashews contain thiamine, phosphorus, copper, magnesium, iron, and zinc for immune support, metabolism, and enzyme production.
  • Energy – The high-fat content provides an energy boost. This can be beneficial during high-energy needs like molting or egg-laying seasons.

Overall, cashews offer a nutritious treat that provides protein, healthy fats, and key nutrients chickens need in a balanced diet.

Are There Risks to Feeding Cashews to Chickens?

Chickens and Chicks Eating Corn Together
Chickens and Chicks Eating Together

While cashews offer nutritional benefits, chickens are unable to digest large amounts. Feeding too many cashews can pose the following risks:

Digestive upset – Excessive fat or urushiol can cause loose droppings, diarrhea, vomiting, or decreased appetite.

Weight gain – The high fat and calorie content may lead to obesity if chickens eat too many cashews.

Nutritional imbalances – Overfeeding treats like cashews can displace more balanced feed sources.

Choking hazard – Whole cashews or large pieces may pose a choking risk for smaller breeds.

Following proper feeding guidelines will help avoid these risks when offering cashews as an occasional treat.

What Type of Cashews Can Chickens Eat?

The safest cashews for chickens are plain, roasted, unsalted cashews:

  • Raw cashews should be avoided due to the toxin. Roasting neutralizes this compound urushiol.
  • Salted cashews are too high in sodium for chickens. Stick to unsalted or lightly salted.
  • Flavored cashews with added spices, sugars, or seasonings can upset a chicken’s digestive system. Plain cashew is best.
  • Chopped cashews are safer than whole nuts to reduce choking hazards, especially for bantams and smaller breeds.
  • Cashew butter or cashew pieces blended into treats can allow chickens to safely enjoy the flavor.

Stick to plain, roasted, unsalted cashew pieces to provide the benefits while minimizing risks.

Can Chickens Eat Cashew Seeds?

Cashew seeds refer to the actual cashew nut that grows on the cashew apple. The seed is enclosed in a shell that contains urushiol toxin. Once roasted, the cashew seed nutmeat is safe for chickens to eat in moderation.

Once roasted, the cashew seed nutmeat is safe for chickens…

However, chickens should never consume raw cashew seeds still in the shell, as the urushiol can be harmful. Only feed plain, roasted, shelled cashew nuts/seeds without their outer shell.

Can Chickens Eat Cashew Nuts?

Yes, the edible nutmeat inside a cashew shell is safe for chickens to eat. Often referred to as a cashew “nut”, this cashew seed provides healthy fats, protein, and nutrients chickens can benefit from.

To avoid urushiol toxicity, only feed roasted, shelled cashew nuts, not raw nuts still enclosed in their shell. Chopped, plain cashew nuts make a crunchy, nutritious treat.

Can Chickens Eat Salted Cashews?

Chickens are unable to tolerate high amounts of sodium from salted nuts. At most, lightly salted cashews are okay for an occasional treat. But the safest option is to stick to plain, unsalted roasted cashews.

Heavy salt, flavored cashews, or cashews with added seasonings should be avoided, as excess sodium can cause kidney problems or dehydration in chickens.

Can Chickens Eat Raw Cashews?

No, raw cashews should never be fed to chickens. Raw cashews contain urushiol, the same irritant found in poison ivy. Consuming urushiol can inflame a chicken’s digestive tract and be very harmful.


While roasting neutralizes urushiol, under-roasted cashews may still pose a risk. Stick to major name brands that thoroughly roast and shell their cashews to ensure all toxins are removed.

Only properly roasted, shelled cashew pieces are safe for chicken treats. Raw cashews always pose a toxicity risk and should be avoided.

How Much Cashews Can Chickens Eat?

Cashews should be limited to treat-sized portions, not exceeding 10% of daily diet:

  • Standard size chickens: 1-2 cashews per treat, 2-3 times per week
  • Bantam chickens: 1/2 – 1 cashew per treat, 2-3 times per week

Monitor droppings after feeding cashews. Diarrhea or loose stools are a sign chickens ate too many. Adjust portions accordingly.

Cashews are high in fat and calories. Overfeeding can lead to weight issues. Stick to recommended portions to avoid obesity.

How to Feed Cashews to Chickens?

Hens and Baby Chicks on Pasture (image by Dusan Kostic, Pixabay)
Hens and Baby Chicks on Pasture

Here are some tips for safely feeding cashews:

  • Chop cashews into smaller pieces to reduce choking risk
  • Mix with scratch grains or crumble over feed to encourage pecking
  • Offer as training treats for tame chickens – this allows control over portions
  • Add cashew butter or finely chopped nuts to homemade treat recipes
  • Provide treats in the late morning or afternoon when most hungry
  • Spread portions out to prevent chickens from gorging themselves
  • Follow treat guidelines and watch for signs of digestive upset.
  • Adjust or discontinue feeding if cashews cause loose droppings.

How Often Can Chickens Eat Cashews?

Cashews should only be fed 2-3 times per week at most. As an occasional treat, not a daily snack.

Feeding cashews more frequently increases risks of digestive upset, obesity, and nutritional imbalance. Make cashews a small part of a varied diet.

Rotate cashews with other nuts and healthy treats like mealworms, oats, seeds, chopped greens, or fruits. This prevents boredom and overconsumption of any one snack.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Cashews?

Cashews are not recommended for chicks under 16 weeks old. Young chickens have sensitive digestive systems, still developing immunity.

Raw cashews pose an even greater toxicity risk for vulnerable chicks. Even roasted cashews may be difficult for a chick to properly digest.

Raw Cashews in The Market (image by LoggaWiggler, Pixabay)
Raw Cashews

For younger chickens, hold off on cashew treats until fully feathered and 16 weeks old. Then introduce chopped cashews slowly in tiny portions to watch for tolerance.

Once grown, most chickens can enjoy cashews as an occasional, nutritious treat. Following proper feeding guidelines will help your flock get the benefits without the risks. In moderation, cashews can be a safe, healthy snack chicken will go nutty for!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens eat cashew seeds?

Yes, chickens can safely eat cashew seeds in moderation. Cashew seeds are a good source of protein and healthy fats for chickens. Ensure the seeds are unsalted and free from any additional flavorings or seasonings before offering them to your chickens.

Are cashews safe for chickens?

Yes, cashews are generally safe for chickens to consume. These nuts provide essential nutrients, including protein and healthy fats, which can complement a balanced chicken diet. However, it’s crucial to feed cashews in moderation and as part of a diverse diet to ensure overall nutritional balance.

Can chickens eat roasted cashews?

While chickens can eat roasted cashews, it’s essential to feed them in moderation. Roasted cashews may contain added salt or other seasonings that can harm chickens. Opt for unsalted roasted cashews and offer them as an occasional treat rather than a primary food source.