Can Chickens Eat Citrus Fruits? What You Need to Know

Article Summary

  • Chickens can eat citrus fruits in moderation, including oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, tangerines, and others, as occasional treats.
  • Citrus fruits offer benefits such as being an excellent source of vitamin C, antioxidants, and providing dietary variety for chickens.
  • Citric acid in citrus fruits is safe for chickens in the amounts found in fresh pulp or juice, and even manufactured citric acid in small quantities is considered safe.

Have you ever wondered if you can share your morning orange or grapefruit with your backyard chickens? Citrus fruits contain lots of beneficial vitamins and nutrients, but also some components that can be problematic for chickens.

Let’s explore the details on whether these juicy fruits are safe and healthy treats for your flock.

Can Chickens Eat Citrus Fruit?

Yes, chickens can eat small amounts of citrus fruits in moderation. Many owners offer oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, tangerines and other citrus as occasional treats.

The fruits provide vitamin C, antioxidants, and other key nutrients. The pulp and juice are safest – avoid offering citrus seeds, leaves or peels.

Is Citric Acid Safe for Chickens?

Citric acid naturally occurs in citrus fruits and gives them their tart, sour taste. It’s completely safe for chickens in the amounts contained in fresh citrus pulp or juice.

Manufactured citric acid is also safe in small quantities. It’s sometimes added to commercial chicken feeds and treats. But very large amounts could potentially cause issues.

Do Chickens Need Citrus for Vitamin C?

Chickens, like humans, need vitamin C for immune health and proper nutrient absorption. But they don’t need citrus to obtain this vitamin.

The vitamin C in standard chicken feed and treats is sufficient. Grains, leafy greens, berries and bugs chickens naturally eat also provide plentiful vitamin C.

Benefits of Citrus for Chickens

While citrus isn’t essential for chickens, the fruits do have appealing benefits:

  • Excellent source of vitamin C and antioxidants
  • Provides dietary variety and enrichment
  • Moist, juicy texture – great for treats
  • Most chickens enjoy the tart, tangy flavor
  • Helps chickens stay hydrated (high water content)

Feeding small citrus pieces gives chickens valuable nutrients and fun new flavors to experience.

What Type of Citrus Can Chickens Eat?

Most common citrus fruits are safe for chickens. Popular choices include:


One of the most popular citrus fruits for chickens. Offer peeled segments without seeds – navel oranges work well.


Tart grapefruit is usually a hit with chickens. Red and pink varieties tend to be less bitter.

Lemons and Limes

Small amounts of these extra tart fruits add zing. Just watch for runny droppings if fed too much.

Mandarins or Tangerines

These sweet, smaller citrus varieties are perfect chick treats. Easy to peel and naturally separate into segments.


Seedless and super easy to peel. Clementines are a great citrus choice for chickens.

Avoid citron and pomelos, which have very thick rinds and minimal pulp. Focus on types with softer, easily chewed peels.

Which Parts of Citrus Can Chickens Eat?

The juicy pulp and liquid are the safest portions of citrus fruits for chickens. Additional parts like peels and seeds can also be fed with care:

Citrus Pulp

The soft inner flesh is completely chick-safe. Contains beneficial nutrients without hazards.

Citrus Juice

High in vitamin C and easy to digest. Fed in small amounts, citrus juice makes a healthy treat.

Citrus Peels

Peels from thick-skinned fruits have high fiber. Start with softer peels and watch for crop impaction.

Citrus Seeds

Contain oils that can cause issues if eaten in large amounts. Limit seeds or remove them before feeding.


For optimal safety and nutrition, pulp and fresh juice are the best components to feed.

How to Prepare Citrus for Your Chickens

Here’s a quick guide to prepping citrus fruits to maximize benefits and minimize risks:

  • Wash thoroughly before peeling
  • Cut larger fruits into smaller pieces
  • Remove all seeds if possible
  • For oranges or other larger fruits, cut into small wedges or chunks rather than offering a whole peeled fruit
  • Chop peels into smaller pieces if including – start with softer peels
  • Squeeze juice and pulp into a bowl, dilute slightly with water if desired

How Much Citrus Is Safe for Chickens?

Feed citrus fruits in moderation, about 1-2 times per week at most. Offer very small servings, about:

  • 1 grapefruit or orange segment per bird
  • 1-2 clementine/tangerine per bird
  • 1-2 tablespoons of pulp or juice per chicken

The small servings ensure chickens don’t consume high amounts of sugars or acids. Adjust quantities based on your flock’s appetite and droppings after eating citrus.

Monitor for loose droppings and discontinue use if issues arise.

Can You Feed Citrus to Chickens Every Day?

It’s best not to offer citrus daily, but rather as an occasional treat a few times a week at most.

Daily citrus feeding risks health issues like:

  • Crop slowing – Citrus is hard to digest. Daily feeding can lead to crop impaction.
  • Loose stool – Too much citric acid may cause diarrhea.
  • Nutritional imbalance – Citrus shouldn’t be a dietary staple.

For optimal health, offer citrus and other fruits as a supplemental snack alongside a balanced daily diet.

Can Hens Eat Citrus Fruits?

Yes, hens can safely enjoy citrus fruits just like roosters and younger chickens.

In fact, the vitamin C content is especially helpful for hens. Laying eggs depletes vitamin C, so citrus provides a healthy nutrient boost.


Still feed hens citrus sparingly, not daily. Monitor for loose droppings which could impact egg laying.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Citrus?

Chicks younger than 4-6 months old should not eat citrus. Young digestive systems are too delicate for citrus acids and sugars.

For the first several months, feed chicks a high-quality starter feed. At 4-6 months, small citrus pieces can be offered as occasional treats.

Focus on easily digested treats like mealworms, rice, or greens for young chicks. Once mature, they can enjoy limited citrus.

The Bottom Line: Is Citrus Safe for Chickens?

In moderation, citrus fruits make a nutrient-packed supplemental treat for most chickens. Focus on the pulp and juice, and limit the seeds and peels.

Feed small amounts just 1-2 times per week, and monitor for digestive issues. Citrus provides vitamin C without being a necessary dietary staple.

With proper precautions, feel free to share some fresh citrus with your flock for a fun, healthy snack! Just be careful not to overdo it.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens have citrus fruits?

Chickens can have citrus fruits in moderation, but they should not be a primary part of their diet. The acidity in citrus fruits like oranges can be too harsh for chickens if fed excessively.

Can chickens eat oranges and orange peels?

Chickens can eat oranges in moderation, but it’s advisable to offer them in small quantities. Remove any seeds and avoid overfeeding. While chickens may peck at orange peels, it’s best to focus on the flesh and offer peels sparingly.

What fruit can chickens not eat?

Chickens should avoid certain fruits with pits or seeds containing cyanide, such as cherries and apricots. Additionally, citrus fruits like oranges and lemons, which are too acidic, should be given in moderation.

Is citric acid safe for chickens?

While small amounts of naturally occurring citric acid in fruits are generally safe for chickens, it’s crucial to avoid giving them concentrated forms of citric acid found in some processed foods or supplements. Excessive amounts may disrupt their digestive system, so it’s best to stick to natural sources of citric acid from fruits in moderation.