Can Chickens Eat Hazelnut? An In-Depth Look

A Closeup at Hazelnuts (image by jackmac34, Pixabay)

Article Summary

  • Hazelnuts offer chickens nutritional benefits, including high protein levels, healthy fats, fiber, Vitamin E, magnesium, and iron.
  • The precautions include breaking hazelnuts into small pieces, feeding in moderation, monitoring for allergies, and checking for mold.
  • To ensure proper chewing and prevent issues, monitoring chickens is recommended, especially during initial feedings.

Hazelnuts, also known as filberts, are a tasty and nutritious treat enjoyed by humans around the world. But can our feathered friends also partake in these delicious nuts? Let’s crack open the facts on feeding hazelnuts to chickens.

Is It Safe for Chickens to Eat Hazelnuts?

The short answer is yes! Hazelnuts are a safe and even healthy snack for chickens when fed in moderation.

Hazelnuts are not toxic to chickens and do not contain substances that could harm them. The main safety concern is choking if the hazelnuts are served whole and not broken into small pieces. As long as proper precautions are taken, chickens can safely enjoy hazelnuts.

Tasty Treat: The Benefits of Feeding Hazelnuts to Chickens

Hazelnuts provide some great nutritional benefits that make them a smart supplement to a chicken’s diet. Here’s what’s inside those crunchy shells:

  • Protein – Hazelnuts contain high protein levels, an important nutrient for growth and egg production.
  • Healthy Fats – The monounsaturated fats in hazelnuts are a great energy source for chickens.
  • Fiber – Fiber aids digestion and keeps chickens full between meals.
  • Vitamin E – An antioxidant that supports a healthy immune system.
  • Magnesium and Iron – Minerals that help with energy, bones, and red blood cell production.
White Rock Chicken Pecking on the Ground
White Rock Chicken Pecking on the Ground

So by sprinkling a few hazelnuts into their feed, you can give your flock a nice nutritional boost!

Potential Risks of Feeding Hazelnuts to Chickens

Hazelnuts themselves are not toxic or harmful to chickens. However, there are some risks to keep in mind:

  • Choking Hazard – Whole hazelnuts or large pieces could potentially lodge in a chicken’s throat. Always break them into small bits.
  • High-Fat Content – Too many hazelnuts could lead to obesity and other health issues. Feed them in moderation.
  • Allergens – Chickens could have rare allergic reactions to nuts. Discontinue feeding if any signs of allergy appear.
  • Mold – Hazelnuts that have become moldy are unsafe. Always inspect them first and discard any excessively moldy ones.

As long as you take precautions, the risks are minimal compared to the benefits of hazelnuts.

Types of Hazelnuts Safe for Chickens

Any variety of hazelnuts is safe for chickens to eat. Some common types include:

  • Filbert – The most widely grown species of hazelnut. Native to Europe and Western Asia.
  • Turkish Filbert – A variety from Turkey with a rich, oily taste.
  • Barcelona Filbert – A popular variety originating from Spain.
  • Willamette Hazelnut – A hazelnut grown in Oregon, USA, prized for its large kernel size.

No matter the variety, chickens will enjoy the flavor and crunch of hazelnuts in their diet.

Serving Whole or Broken Hazelnuts to Chickens

Always serve hazelnuts to chickens broken up into small pieces. Whole hazelnuts present a major choking risk that could seriously injure or even kill a chicken if lodged in their throat.

Whole hazelnuts present a major choking risk that could seriously injure…

Break hazelnuts into bite-sized bits no larger than a pea before mixing them into feed. You can break them apart with a hammer or rolling pin. This simple step makes hazelnuts safe and easy for chickens to eat.

Feeding Raw or Roasted Hazelnuts to Your Flock

Chickens can eat hazelnuts raw or roasted. Both provide the full nutritional benefits.

Raw hazelnuts retain more of their natural oils. Roasting brings out more of the nutty flavor that chickens enjoy. Either way works, so mix it up to keep their snacks interesting.


Always roast or dry raw hazelnuts thoroughly to prevent mold growth. Wet raw nuts can easily grow toxic molds.

How Much Hazelnut Is Safe in a Chicken’s Diet?

Hazelnuts are a treat and should not make up more than 5-10% of a chicken’s total daily diet. For most standard-sized chickens:

  • 2-3 hazelnuts per day is a safe amount.
  • Larger breeds like Jersey Giants can eat 3-5 nuts daily.
  • Bantam breeds should only have 1-2 small pieces due to their petite size.

Monitor your chickens’ weight and reduce the hazelnuts if any become overweight. Moderation is key to getting the benefits without overdoing the fat and calories.

Feeding Techniques to Safely Give Hazelnuts

Here are some feeding tips:

  • Scatter small hazelnut pieces in their main feed to encourage foraging.
  • Offer hazelnuts in a separate dish away from main meals so you can monitor intake.
  • Mix hazelnut bits into a “trail mix” with other healthy snacks like dried corn, oats, seeds, etc.
  • Hide small pieces in their run or coop so they can hunt and peck for the treat.

Always supervise the first few times you offer hazelnuts. Make sure every chicken is chewing properly and no issues arise.

Frequency – How Often Can Chickens Eat Hazelnuts?

Feed hazelnuts in moderation 2-3 times per week at most. Daily treats are unnecessary and may lead to overconsumption.

Chickens love the taste of hazelnuts, and too much of a good thing could cause them to become overweight or selectively eat hazelnuts over balanced feed. Keep it to a twice- or thrice- weekly treat.

Can Baby Chicks Safely Eat Hazelnuts?

Hazelnuts are not recommended for chicks under 12-16 weeks old. Baby chicks’ digestive systems are too delicate to handle nuts safely.

Stick to a crumbled chick starter feed only. Once chicks are mature juveniles, then small hazelnut treats can be gradually introduced along with transitioning to layer feed.

A Fallen Turkish Filbert (image by WikimediaImages, Pixabay)
A Turkish Filbert on The Ground

In summary, hazelnuts are a nutritious supplement that chickens absolutely love. By taking basic safety precautions and feeding hazelnuts in moderation, chicken keepers can feel good about sharing this tasty snack. Just be careful not to go too nuts – a few here and there is all chickens need to enjoy the health and flavor benefits of hazelnuts.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are hazelnuts safe for chickens?

Yes, hazelnuts are generally safe for chickens to consume. They provide a good source of protein and healthy fats. However, it’s crucial to offer them in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Ensure the hazelnuts are unsalted and free from any additives, as excessive salt or certain chemicals can be harmful to chickens.

Can chickens eat hazelnut seeds?

Chickens can eat hazelnut seeds, but it’s important to introduce them in moderation. Hazelnut seeds offer nutritional benefits, including healthy fats and proteins. Before feeding hazelnut seeds to chickens, ensure they are raw, unsalted, and without any added flavorings. Additionally, crush or chop the seeds to make them easier for chickens to consume and digest.

Can chickens eat hazelnut leaves?

While chickens may nibble on hazelnut leaves, it’s advisable to limit their intake. Hazelnut leaves are not toxic to chickens, but they lack significant nutritional value and may not contribute substantially to their diet. Focus on providing a variety of more nutritionally dense greens and vegetables for optimal chicken health. Always monitor your chickens for any adverse reactions and consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns about specific plants in their diet.