Can Chickens Eat Lilacs? What You Need to Know

Can Chickens Eat Plants Like Lilacs

Article Summary

  • All parts of the common lilac shrubs, including flowers, leaves, berries, and shoots, are edible for chickens.
  • Lilacs shouldn’t replace the main poultry feed; they should be an occasional treat.
  • Scatter the lilac pieces in the run or coop and remove any uneaten parts at the end of the day.

Lilacs are a popular flowering shrub grown in many backyards and gardens. Their fragrant blooms come in shades of purple, pink, blue, and white. But if you have backyard chickens, you may be wondering if these lovely flowers are safe for your flock to eat. Here’s what you need to know about feeding lilacs to chickens.

Is It Safe for Chickens to Eat Lilacs?

The short answer is yes, lilacs are non-toxic for chickens. The leaves, flowers, and berries of common lilac varieties are all edible and safe for chickens to consume.

In fact, many chicken keepers report their hens enjoy nibbling on lilac blooms and greens. Lilacs contain antioxidants that can benefit chicken health. The flowers offer small amounts of protein, vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium.

So feel free to toss your chickens a few lilac blooms or branches. They’ll relish these springtime treats!

What Are the Benefits of Feeding Lilacs to Chickens?

Chickens Pecking on Grass

Beyond being a safe, natural forage, lilacs offer a few specific benefits when fed to backyard chickens:

  • Antioxidants: Lilac flowers and leaves contain beneficial plant compounds like anthocyanins. These may boost immunity and overall flock health.
  • Nutrition: While not a significant source, lilacs provide trace amounts of vitamins, minerals, and protein. This can supplement a balanced diet.
  • Foraging enjoyment: Chickens love to scratch, peck, and forage. Feeding lilacs and other garden plants provides enrichment.
  • Natural pest control: As chickens nibble on lilac leaves and flowers, they’ll eat some small garden pests, too. A win-win!

Are There Any Risks Feeding Lilacs to Chickens?

Lilacs do not appear to pose any real health risks to chickens. However, a few precautions are wise:

  • Avoid letting chickens gorge on lilacs. Small amounts are best as treats. Too much of any one item can be problematic.
  • Don’t rely on lilacs as a main food source. They don’t provide complete nutrition for chickens. Offer a proper poultry feed mix, too.
  • Young, tender shoots and leaves may contain more cyanide precursors. But in the tiny amounts chickens eat, this is not a concern.

Overall, moderate lilac consumption is very safe for backyard chickens. Take reasonable precautions and enjoy sharing your blooms!

Which Parts of Lilacs Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely snack on all parts of common lilac shrubs, including:

  • Flowers: The fragrant blooms attract chickens looking for treats. Petals, stems, and flower heads are all edible.
  • Leaves: Both young, tender new leaves and mature leaves are fine for chickens to eat.
  • Berries: Occasionally, lilacs may produce small berries. These lilac drupes are non-toxic, and chickens can eat them.
  • Shoots: New green lilac shoots emerging in spring are a nutritious nibble.


The entire lilac shrub provides safe foraging. Just avoid letting the flock strip it bare at once. Lilacs need leaves for photosynthesis and bloom best on two to three-year-old wood.

How Much Lilacs Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely snack on lilacs in moderation. A few leaves, blooms, and stems per bird per day is fine.

Lilacs should be an occasional plant treat, not a primary food source. About 10-15% of their daily diet from treats is a good guideline.

To encourage natural foraging behaviors, scatter some lilac branches or a small bouquet in their run. Let the flock nibble the treats as they wish.

If overeager for the blooms, your chickens may need more greens or protein. Adjust their feed ration as needed.

How to Feed Lilacs to Chickens

Offering lilacs to chickens is easy:

  • Pick a few branches with leaves, flowers, or berries. Rinse off any dirt.
  • Chop the stems or break them into smaller pieces the birds can manage.
  • Scatter the lilac pieces in the run or coop. Or place it in a treat dish the chickens can peck at over the day.
  • Remove any uneaten parts at the end of the day. Freshen the treats daily.
Lilacs in The Wild (image by Mikes-Photography)
Lilacs in The Wild

You can also dry lilac flowers and leaves for year-round treats. Air dry small bunches out of sunlight for 2-3 weeks. Crumble and store in an airtight container.

How Often to Feed Lilacs to Chickens

Lilacs make a nice seasonal treat for chickens in the spring when they bloom. Feed no more than a couple of times a week at peak season.

During the rest of the year, dried lilac flowers can be offered once or twice a month. Take care not to overindulge your flock, even with healthy treats.

Rotate lilacs with other garden edibles like strawberries, squash, and tomato plants over the foraging season. This keeps their treat diet varied.

Can Baby Chicks Eat Lilacs?

Lilacs are safe for backyard chickens of all ages, including chicks. But baby chicks under 4-6 weeks old should not eat any treats, including lilacs.

The young immune systems of baby chicks are prone to pick up pathogens…

Newly hatched chicks need a complete, balanced chick starter feed for proper nutrition. Their young immune systems also make them more prone to pick up pathogens from wild plants.

Once chick feathers fill in and they move outdoors to a coop at 4-6 weeks, limited lilac treats can be offered. Start slowly with tiny pieces to ensure they don’t choke.

In no time, your maturing chicks will graduate to enjoying garden treats like their older flockmates!

So feel free to share your fragrant lilac bounty with a few snips for your chickens this spring. Lilacs provide a safe and healthy occasional treat chickens relish. Just use common sense and moderation. Then sit back and watch your flock happily forage on those lovely blooms.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are lilac leaves safe for chickens?

Yes, lilac leaves are generally considered safe for chickens to consume in moderation. However, it’s essential to ensure the leaves are free from pesticides or harmful chemicals. Always introduce new foods slowly to monitor any adverse reactions.

Can chickens eat lilac seeds?

No, chickens should not eat lilac seeds. Lilac seeds contain compounds that may harm chickens if ingested in large quantities. It’s best to keep lilac seeds away from chicken feed to prevent potential health issues.

Is lilac safe for chickens?

Lilac is generally safe for chickens when given in moderation. Both the leaves and flowers can be offered as occasional treats. However, it’s crucial to avoid the seeds and ensure that the lilac plant hasn’t been treated with pesticides or other chemicals that could harm chickens.

Can chickens eat lilac leaves?

Yes, chickens can eat lilac leaves in moderation. Lilac leaves are considered safe and can be offered as a treat. Always make sure to wash the leaves thoroughly and introduce them slowly to monitor your chickens for any adverse reactions.