Can Chickens Eat Papaya? The Health Benefits and Risks

Slices of Ripe Papaya

Article Summary

  • Chickens can safely eat ripe papaya fruit, including the flesh and seeds, from various common varieties such as Solo, Mexican yellow, Kapoho, and Sunrise papayas.
  • It’s important to avoid feeding chickens unripe or green papayas, papaya peels, skins, stems, and plants.
  • Overfeeding papaya, especially on a daily basis, may lead to issues such as excessive vitamin C intake and digestive issues, so moderation is key.

Have you ever wondered if you could share some of that ripe, sweet papaya with your chickens? Papaya is packed with vitamins, minerals and enzymes that can provide numerous health benefits. However, chickens can only eat certain parts of the papaya plant safely.

Read on to learn everything you need to know about feeding papaya to chickens.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Fruit?

Yes, chickens can safely eat the flesh of ripe papaya fruit. Papaya contains lots of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that are great for your flock’s health.

Papaya fruit is an excellent source of:

  • Vitamin C – Boosts immunity and thyroid health.
  • Vitamin A – Supports vision, growth and egg production.
  • Potassium – Needed for proper muscle and nerve function.
  • Folate – Important for cell growth and replication.
  • Fiber – Promotes healthy digestion.

The antioxidants in papaya, including lycopene and flavonoids, can reduce inflammation and oxidative stress. The papain enzyme found in papaya can even help chickens better digest protein.

Overall, incorporating ripe papaya into your chickens’ diet a few times a week can provide valuable nutrients to support their health and productivity.

What About Papaya Seeds for Deworming Chickens?

Papaya seeds contain compounds called carpaine and benzyl isothiocyanate that can help eliminate intestinal parasites and worms. The seeds have traditionally been used as a natural dewormer.

To use papaya seeds for deworming:

  • Remove fresh seeds from ripe papaya fruit.
  • Rinse and allow seeds to dry thoroughly.
  • Crush or grind seeds into a powder.
  • Mix 1-2 teaspoons of powder into feed per chicken.

Provide the feed with crushed seeds for 3-7 days, then take a break for a week before repeating. The treatment can help clear out roundworms, tapeworms and other parasitic worms.

While papaya seeds show promise for controlling worms, they may not be quite as effective as commercial dewormers. But they can still be a helpful natural option.

Are Papayas Good for Chickens? Benefits Explained

Chickens Feeding in Coop

In addition to vitamins, minerals and digestive enzymes, ripe papaya offers several other benefits for chickens:

1. Boosts Immunity

The vitamins C, A, K and B6 plus the antioxidants found in papaya can give chickens’ immune systems a major boost. This can help prevent and fight off illness.

2. Supports Egg Production

Many of the vitamins and minerals in papaya, like vitamin A, folate and potassium, are directly involved in egg production. Feeding chickens papaya can help optimize nutrients that promote egg laying.

3. Aids Digestion

The papain enzyme naturally found in papayas can improve chickens’ ability to break down and utilize protein from their feed. This promotes healthy digestion.

4. Anti-inflammatory Effects

The antioxidants in papaya have anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation in chickens’ digestive and respiratory systems. This provides health benefits.

5. Encourages Foraging

Chickens eagerly forage for fallen, ripe papaya fruits in warm climates. This satisfies their natural foraging instinct for survival.

So yes, ripe papaya can absolutely be a healthy, nutritious treat for backyard chickens! Just avoid feeding green unripe papayas.

What Type of Papaya Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely eat ripe papaya flesh and seeds from most common varieties. This includes:

  • Solo papayas – Sweet, reddish-orange flesh.
  • Mexican yellow papayas – Large fruits with yellow skin and flesh.
  • Kapoho papayas – Round Hawaiian variety with yellow-orange flesh.
  • Sunrise papayas – Sweet, firm flesh with red-orange skin.

Other yellow, orange or red fleshed varieties are also fine for chickens to eat when ripe.

Green papayas are not recommended, as they contain higher levels of papain enzyme that can irritate chickens’ digestive systems.

Dried papaya is okay in moderation, but avoid candied or heavily sugared versions.

Can Chickens Eat Unripe Papaya? What About Green Papaya?

It’s best not to feed unripe, green papaya to chickens.

While ripe papaya contains lots of beneficial nutrients, unripe papayas have:

  • Lower vitamin content.
  • Higher concentration of papain enzymes.
  • More latex, which can cause GI upset.

Green papayas are very hard and tough. Chickens may have difficulty digesting pieces.

The higher papain content can also irritate chickens’ digestive tracts, potentially causing diarrhea.


For safety and optimal nutrition, papaya fed to chickens should be ripe with yellow-orange flesh. Avoid offering under-ripe green fruit.

Can Chickens Eat Dried Papaya?

Dried papaya is safe for chickens to eat in moderation. Look for unsweetened, sulphite-free dried papaya.

The drying process concentrates the beneficial nutrients, enzymes and antioxidants. But drying also removes the water content.

So while dried papaya is a source of many vitamins and minerals, it doesn’t provide much hydration. Make sure to always offer plenty of fresh water as well.

Limit dried papaya treats to a tablespoon or less per chicken daily. The high sugar content can cause loose droppings if overfed.

Which Parts of Papaya Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely eat:

  • The ripe flesh
  • Seeds
  • Leaves
  • Flowers

Parts to avoid feeding chickens include:

Papaya Peels and Skin

Papaya skins contain high amounts of latex that can irritate chickens’ digestive systems. Peels are also difficult for chickens to digest.

It’s best to peel off and discard the skin before sharing papaya with your flock.

Papaya Stems

The stems of papaya plants contain concentrated latex and papain that can upset chickens’ stomachs. Avoid giving chickens papaya stems.

Unripe Papaya

As mentioned earlier, unripe green papaya fruit has lower nutrient content and too much digestive enzyme for chickens to handle comfortably.

Stick to ripe papayas only.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Seeds?

Yes, chickens can safely eat papaya seeds. The small black seeds provide protein and healthy fats. They also contain beneficial compounds that can help control intestinal parasites.

Papaya seeds are very hard and pass through chickens’ digestive systems undigested. Eating the seeds can promote healthy gizzard function.

Chickens shouldn’t have a problem eating whole seeds from ripe papayas. But the seeds can also be crushed into a powder and mixed into feed for a deworming boost.

Feed seeds in moderation, around 1-2 teaspoons per chicken daily at most. Too many may cause diarrhea. But in reasonable amounts, papaya seeds are fine for chickens to eat.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Leaves?

Chickens can eat papaya leaves occasionally as a source of nutrients and fiber.

Papaya leaves contain vitamin C, A, E and K, plus antioxidants, calcium, magnesium and iron. They have been used medicinally for reducing inflammation.

The leaves also contain papain enzymes but in lower amounts compared to unripe fruit and stems.

A few papaya leaves per week can add beneficial nutrients and plant matter to chickens’ diets. But avoid feeding large amounts, as the latex and enzymes may cause digestive upset.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Plants?

Papaya Tree and a Bird Resting on Its Branch
Papaya Tree and a Bird Resting on Its Branch

It’s best not to allow chickens access to papaya trees or plants. While chickens can eat some parts like leaves and flowers safely, the stems contain concentrated latex that can irritate chickens’ digestive tracts.

The papain level is also very high in the trunk, branches and stems. Eating these portions of the plant is more likely to cause adverse reactions.

Growing papayas and harvesting the ripe fruits to share is safest. Keep chickens away from access to the whole growing trees or plants.

How to Prepare Papaya for Your Chickens

Follow these tips for preparing papaya to share with your flock:

  • Pick ripe, yellow-orange fruits. Green papayas are too unripe.
  • Wash thoroughly under running water.
  • Peel off and discard the skin, which contains latex.
  • Scoop out the black seeds and set aside.
  • Dice the ripe flesh into bite-sized pieces.
  • Crush seeds to a powder for a deworming supplement.
  • Mix some diced papaya and powdered seeds into chickens’ feed.
  • Refrigerate any leftover fruit. Use within 3 days.

Adding a few diced papaya cubes and crushed seeds to feed is a great way to provide the nutrition and health benefits.

Always start with small amounts to allow chickens’ systems to adjust. Monitor for any diarrhea initially.

How Much Papaya Can You Feed Chickens?

In moderation, papaya can be fed to chickens a few times per week. Follow these feeding guidelines:

For Adult Chickens

  • Up to 2-3 cubes of diced papaya flesh 2-3 times weekly.
  • 1-2 teaspoons of crushed dried papaya seeds 2-4 times weekly.

For Chicks

  • Up to 1 tablespoon diced papaya flesh 2-3 times weekly.
  • 1/4-1/2 teaspoon crushed papaya seeds 2-3 times weekly.

Do not feed chickens papaya daily, as overconsumption may cause loose droppings. Start with small amounts and watch chickens’ reactions.

Remove any uneaten fruit within a few hours to prevent spoilage.

Can You Feed Papaya to Chickens Every Day?

It’s best not to feed papaya to chickens daily. While papaya is very healthy, overfeeding it can cause issues.

The high vitamin C content in papayas may become excessive if chickens eat it every day. Excess vitamin C gets excreted in urine but can contribute to wet droppings.

The natural sugars in ripe papaya can also cause digestives issues…

The natural sugars in ripe papaya can also cause digestives issues if eaten in large amounts consistently. Moderation is key.

Aim to offer diced papaya flesh 2-3 times per week at most. Using crushed seeds more frequently (2-4 times a week) is fine for a deworming boost.

But be sure to take breaks from the seeds as well to prevent overconsumption. Variety and moderation are best when feeding treats like papaya.

Can Baby Chicks Eat Papaya?

Yes, baby chicks can start to eat small amounts of ripe papaya soon after hatching.

The vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium and antioxidants support chicks’ rapid growth and immune system development.

For the first 4-6 weeks, limit papaya intake to:

  • 1/2 tablespoon diced flesh per chick 2-3 times weekly.
  • Sprinkle of crushed seeds 2-3 times per week.

Avoid giving chicks any green, unripe papaya or large amounts daily. But ripe papaya fruits and seeds can certainly be part of a balanced diet for baby chickens.

In Conclusion

Ripe papaya fruit, seeds, leaves, and flowers can be a nutritious, antioxidant-rich treat for backyard chickens. But avoid feeding chickens unripe green papaya and papaya stems and peels. Just like other fruits, introduce papaya in small amounts a few times per week for a healthy supplement to your flock’s usual diet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens eat papaya leaf?

Yes, chickens can eat papaya leaves in moderation. Papaya leaves are rich in nutrients and can be a healthy addition to a chicken’s diet. Ensure that the leaves are clean, free from pesticides, and finely chopped to make them easier for chickens to consume. Introduce papaya leaves gradually and monitor your chickens for any adverse reactions.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Seeds?

Yes, chickens can eat papaya seeds in moderation. Papaya seeds are not only safe for chickens but also offer potential health benefits. They contain enzymes that may help with digestion and are rich in nutrients like magnesium and protein. However, it’s essential to provide seeds in small quantities to prevent any potential digestive issues.

Can Chickens Eat Papaya Juice?

While chickens can technically consume papaya juice, it’s not the most practical or beneficial choice for them. Chickens primarily thrive on a diet of grains, seeds, vegetables, and insects. While papaya is a nutritious fruit, feeding chickens the whole fruit or small pieces is a better option, as it allows them to consume the fiber and other nutrients present in the pulp. Offering a balanced and varied diet ensures the overall health and well-being of your chickens.