Can Chickens Eat Peanuts? What You Need to Know

Dried Peanuts (image by jackmac34, Pixabay)

Article Summary

  • Peanuts offer protein, healthy fats, and minerals beneficial for chickens.
  • The risks of peanuts to chickens are the high-fat content, leading to obesity and liver issues, and the fact that whole peanuts pose a choking hazard.
  • Feeding frequency varies based on the age and life stage of the chickens; crushed peanuts or peanut butter can be introduced to chicks around 6-8 weeks

Peanuts are a common snack for humans, but can our feathered friends enjoy them too? Let’s break down the benefits and risks of feeding peanuts to backyard chickens.

Is it Safe for Chickens to Eat Peanuts?

The short answer is yes, chickens can safely eat peanuts in moderation. Peanuts contain protein, healthy fats, and minerals that provide nutritional value for chickens. Many backyard chicken keepers use peanuts as supplemental treats.

However, peanuts also contain anti-nutrients like phytic acid that can prevent nutrient absorption. They are high in fat as well, so chickens should only eat small amounts. Overall, peanuts make a fine occasional snack if fed properly.

What are the Benefits of Feeding Peanuts to Chickens?

Here are some of the key benefits peanuts offer as part of a balanced chicken diet:

  • Protein: Peanuts contain over 25% protein, providing an excellent protein source for egg and feather production. The amino acid profile complements proteins from grains.
  • Healthy Fats: Over 45% of peanut’s calories come from monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. These support skin and feather health.
  • Fiber: Peanut shells contribute insoluble fiber that promotes digestion and gut health.
  • Minerals: Peanuts contain biotin, copper, manganese, potassium, and more. These support bone strength, metabolism, and other functions.
  • Fun Treat: Chickens enjoy peanuts as an occasional treat. The activity can relieve boredom.

So in moderation, peanuts give protein, healthy fats, and nutrients. They keep chickens happy too!

Are There Any Risks of Feeding Peanuts to Chickens?

While peanuts have benefits, there are some potential risks to consider:

  • Anti-Nutrients: Peanuts contain phytic acid that can block mineral absorption. Soak or sprout peanuts to reduce phytic acid.
  • High in Fat: Peanuts are very high in fat. Too much can cause obesity and liver issues. Limit peanut treats.
  • Choking Hazard: Whole peanuts can pose a choking risk. Crush peanuts or remove the shell before feeding.
  • Allergens: Peanuts are a top food allergen for humans. Avoid feeding chickens peanuts if egg allergy is a concern.
  • Rancidity: Peanut oil can go rancid quickly after being crushed. Only crush small amounts that will be eaten immediately.

Following proper feeding guidelines minimizes these risks. Overall, peanuts are safe for chickens but should be a supplementary treat, not a dietary staple.

What Type of Peanuts Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can eat most varieties of peanuts safely. Here are some of the most common types:

  • Raw peanuts – Uncooked peanuts still in the shell. Lower fat but higher anti-nutrient content.
  • Roasted peanuts – Dry roasted or oil-roasted peanuts out of the shell. Crunchy texture chickens enjoy.
  • Peanut butter – Made from ground, roasted peanuts. Provides protein and fat.
  • Peanut halves/pieces – Shelled pieces of raw or roasted peanut. Easier to swallow size.
  • Honey roasted peanuts – Coated in honey and spices. Limit due to higher sugar content.

Avoid salted, spicy-flavored, or processed peanut products. When possible, go with unsalted, roasted peanuts, ideally crushed or shelled for safety.

Opened Peanut Butter Bottle
Peanut Butter Spread

Can Chickens Eat Peanut Butter?

Yes, chickens can eat peanut butter in moderation. Peanut butter offers a good protein and healthy fat source. However, it is dense and sticky, making it a potential choking hazard. Here are some tips for feeding peanut butter:

  • Stir a tablespoon or two into the feed to thin it out.
  • Spread on treats like apple slices, crackers, or greens.
  • Mix a small amount with seeds or grains as a binding agent.
  • Offer just a dollop at a time to avoid gorging. Supervise closely to ensure peanut butter is not stuck in a chicken’s crop. Limit treats with peanut butter to a few times a week.

Can Chickens Eat Peanuts Raw?

Raw peanuts refer to shelled, uncooked peanuts. Chickens can eat raw peanuts, but roasting is better for a few reasons:

  • Raw peanuts are very hard and dense, posing a choking risk. Roasting softens them.
  • Roasting neutralizes anti-nutrients like trypsin inhibitors that can limit protein digestion.
  • Raw peanuts have higher phytic acid that binds to minerals, inhibiting nutrient absorption.
  • Raw peanuts are more likely to carry mold, bacteria, or other contaminants. The roasting process kills pathogens.

If feeding raw peanuts, it’s best to grind them first into peanut butter or meal. Otherwise, limit to very small whole pieces. But roasted peanuts are safer and offer more bioavailable nutrition overall.

Can Chickens Eat Salted Peanuts?

It’s best to avoid salted peanuts. While chickens can consume some salt, excess sodium is unhealthy. Problems linked to overconsuming salty foods include:

  • Dehydration from increased water needs.
  • Kidney strain and fluid retention.
  • Reduced growth and egg production.
  • Increased blood pressure.


A few unsalted peanuts make a better treat. Or look for low-sodium varieties with minimal seasoning. If offering salted peanuts, provide a freshwater source and limit treats to no more than once a week.

Can Chickens Eat Dry Roasted Peanuts?

Dry roasted peanuts are one of the best ways to feed peanuts to chickens. Dry roasting means the peanuts are roasted out of the shell at high heat with little to no oil. Here’s why dry-roasted peanuts are a great choice:

  • The roasting process softens the peanut and kills potential bacteria.
  • No additional seasonings or salt are added.
  • Dry roasting preserves more of the healthy peanut oils than frying.
  • They have a crunchy texture that chickens enjoy.
  • Dry roasted peanuts are easy to crush or chop into bite-size pieces.

Go with unsalted, additive-free dry roasted peanuts. Break them into halves or quarters before feeding to reduce choking risk.

Can Chickens Eat Peanuts in the Shell?

Feeding unshelled peanuts is not recommended. While chickens may enjoy pecking open the shell, it poses some risks:

  • Peanut shells can obstruct the digestive tract and cause impaction.
  • Whole peanuts are a major choking hazard. Chickens may try to swallow them.
  • The shell contains much of the phytic acid anti-nutrient.
  • It is harder for chickens to access and digest the whole peanut meat.
Scattered Unshelled Peanuts (image by Pexels, Pixabay)
Scattered Unshelled Peanuts

Occasionally allowing hens to peck shelled nuts can provide enrichment. But crack the shell well first and supervise to prevent choking. For regular feeding, it’s safer to remove the shell entirely.

Can Chickens Eat Honey Roasted Peanuts?

Honey-roasted peanuts are coated in a sweet honey mixture before roasting. While chickens can eat small amounts, it’s best saved as an occasional treat. Reasons to limit honey-roasted peanuts include:

  • The coating is high in sugar, which can cause obesity and related health issues.
  • Many brands add extra salt and flavorings.
  • The stickiness increases the choking risk. It can also attract rodents to the coop.
  • Excess calories from sugar and fat without nutrition benefits.

Instead, pick unflavored dry-roasted peanuts for regular feeding. A few honey-roasted pieces here and there are fine for a special snack. But provide no more than 1-2 times per week.

Can Chickens Eat Crushed Peanuts?

Crushed or chopped peanuts are safer and easier for chickens to digest. The peanut pieces are an appropriate bite size that won’t pose a choking hazard. Other benefits of crushed peanuts include:

  • Breaking down the peanut makes nutrients more accessible.
  • Smaller pieces are easier to mix into feed rations.
  • Crushing peanuts releases some beneficial oils.
  • Peanut butter made from crushed peanuts offers a protein boost.

The best way to crush peanuts is with a rolling pin, mortar, and pestle, food processor, or hammer. Ensure to crush peanuts just before feeding to prevent the oils from spoiling. Crushing makes peanuts a great supplemental feed.

Can Chickens Eat Peanuts in the Winter?

During cold winters, peanuts make an excellent addition to feed. The extra fat and calories provide needed warmth and energy reserves. Benefits of feeding peanuts in winter include:

  • Added fat and calories to maintain body heat and weight.
  • Vitamin E in peanuts supports immune function.
  • Protein for feather regrowth during molting periods.
  • Peanuts attract chickens to feed during shorter winter days.
Chickens Outside The Coop in The Winter

Mix a handful of crushed peanuts into warm mash. Or offer a treat of peanut butter smeared on cracked corn. Just monitor intake, as peanuts are fattening. With some peanuts in their diet, chickens stay happy and healthy all winter long.

How Much Peanuts Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens should only eat peanuts in moderation as a supplemental treat. As a general rule:

  • Whole peanuts should be no more than 1-2 teaspoons per chicken, 2-3 times per week.
  • For crushed peanuts or peanut butter, up to 1 tablespoon 2-3 times per week.
  • Mix crushed peanuts into feed at no more than 5% of the total ration.
  • Commercial feed with peanuts should contain less than 2% peanut meal.

Free-ranging chickens may naturally source and eat more peanuts. But for most backyard flocks, peanuts should compose just a small part of the overall feeding program.

How to Feed Peanuts to Chickens?

Here are some tips for safely feeding peanuts:

  • Select raw, dry-roasted, or low-salt peanuts. Avoid heavily flavored, processed types.
  • Crush peanuts into small pieces, peanut butter, or meal for easier eating.
  • Mix crushed peanuts into feed rations.
  • Offer peanuts in a treat ball or scattered as a foraging activity.
  • Feed peanut pieces, butter, or meal alone as a supplement.
  • Use peanut butter to stick treats together into a cluster.

Always supervise peanut feeding and remove any uneaten peanuts. Provide plenty of fresh water to accompany peanut treats.

Farmer holding animal feed in white bowl for many chicken (hen) on vintage floor for animal background or texture - chicken farm business concept.
A Farmer Feeding The Chickens

How Often to Feed Peanuts to Chickens?

As an occasional treat, chickens can eat peanuts 2-3 times weekly. Here are some peanut feeding frequency guidelines:

  • Baby chicks under 12 weeks old should not eat whole peanuts to prevent choking.
  • Pullets up to 18 weeks can start with whole peanut pieces, limited to twice weekly.
  • Adult hens can safely receive whole peanuts 2-3 times per week.
  • Crushed peanuts, peanut butter, or meal can be fed 3-4 times weekly.
  • Limit high-fat items like honey-roasted or heavily flavored peanuts to once a week.
  • During stressful times like molting or extreme cold, increase to 3-4 times weekly.

Stick to a consistent feeding schedule and amounts to prevent overconsumption. Monitor chickens’ body condition and reduce frequency if they become overweight.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Peanuts?

Baby chicks under 12 weeks old should not eat whole peanuts as they pose a major choking risk. However, crushed peanuts or peanut butter can be fed safely starting around 6-8 weeks old. Here are some pointers:

  • Wait until chicks are fully feathered and eating solid feed well.
  • Grind peanuts into a fine crumbly meal or smooth butter.
  • Mix half a teaspoon of peanut meal per chick into the starter feed.
  • Smear a thin layer of peanut butter on chick starter feed nuggets.
  • Provide just a tiny amount of crushed nuts or butter until the chicks adjust.

Smooth peanut butter or fine peanut meal gives a valuable protein boost…

Avoid giving baby chicks whole peanuts or pieces. But smooth peanut butter or fine peanut meal gives a valuable protein boost during this rapid growth phase. Increase slowly to the recommended serving guidelines.

So, in summary, peanuts make a nutritious supplemental feed for chickens in moderate amounts. Understand the benefits and risks, follow proper feeding guidelines, and both you and your flock can go nuts for peanuts!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you give peanuts to chickens?

Yes, you can safely feed peanuts to chickens in moderation. Peanuts are a good source of protein and healthy fats for chickens. However, it’s crucial to offer them unsalted and unseasoned peanuts, as excessive salt or flavorings can be harmful to chickens.

Can chickens eat the shells of peanuts?

Chickens can eat peanut shells in small quantities, but it’s advisable to crush or break the shells into smaller pieces. While peanut shells are generally digestible for chickens, providing crushed shells helps prevent choking and aids in easier consumption. Always ensure the peanuts are free of any additives or seasonings that might be harmful to the birds.

Do peanuts make chickens lay bigger eggs?

There is no scientific evidence to suggest that peanuts specifically make chickens lay bigger eggs. Egg size is influenced by factors such as the breed of chicken, genetics, age, and overall nutrition. While peanuts provide essential nutrients like protein and healthy fats, a well-balanced diet that includes various nutrients contributes to optimal egg production and quality.