Can Chickens Eat Pine Needles? A Helpful Guide

A Ponderosa Pine Tree (image by rmjen)

Article Summary

  • Pine needles are safe for chickens in moderation and offer numerous health benefits, including essential vitamins, minerals, and immune system support.
  • Common pine tree types like Ponderosa, Lodgepole, White, Red, Scotch, and Austrian pines are generally safe; however, trees treated with chemicals or specific species like Yew should be avoided.
  • While pine needles can be a healthy treat, it’s crucial to offer a varied diet and not make them a primary food source.

Pine needles are a common sight in yards and forests where pine trees grow. But if you have backyard chickens, you may be wondering if these sharp, fragrant needles are safe for your flock to eat. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about feeding pine needles to chickens.

Is it Safe for Chickens to Eat Pine Needles?

Yes, pine needles are safe for chickens to consume in moderation. In fact, pine trees and their needles have many benefits when fed to backyard chickens. Pine needles contain vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and other nutrients essential to chicken health. The antiseptic properties of pine needles can also aid chicken immune systems and gut health.

However, there are some risks to be aware of when feeding chickens pine needles. Read on to learn how to safely incorporate pine into your chickens’ diet.

What are the Benefits of Feeding Pine Needles to Chickens?

Here are some of the top benefits of feeding limited amounts of pine needles to your flock:

  • Provides essential vitamins and minerals
  • Aids immune system health
  • Boosts red blood cell production
  • Encourages healthy feather growth
  • Delivers digestive and gut health benefits
  • Has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties to fight illness and infection
  • Provides a variety to diet

The nutrients in pine can lead to better egg production, energy levels…

Overall, pine needles are a healthy supplement for backyard chickens when fed in moderation. The nutrients in pine can lead to better egg production, energy levels, and quality of life for your hens.

Are There Any Risks Feeding Pine Needles to Chickens?

Pine needles do contain small amounts of volatile oils that can be harmful in very large quantities. Overindulging in pine over long periods may also lead to an upset digestive system.

To avoid issues, feed pine needles in limited amounts just a few times per week. Avoid letting chickens free-range and eat fallen pine needles at all times. Never make pine needles a primary part of your chickens’ diet.

Silver laced wyandottes in a barn
Silver Laced Wyandottes in a coop

Also, be sure to wash pine needles and pull off any dirt and sap before feeding. Choose fresh, green needles and make sure they have not been sprayed with chemicals or turned moldy. Introduce new treats slowly to watch for any intestinal distress.

With a little caution, pine needles are a safe supplement. But any new food should be provided in moderation to start.

Which Type of Pine Needles Can Chickens Eat?

The most common types of pine trees are generally safe for chicken consumption. These include:

  • Ponderosa pine
  • Lodgepole pine
  • White pine
  • Red pine
  • Scotch pine
  • Austrian pine

Avoid pine trees treated with herbicides or pesticides. Yew, Norfolk Island, and Australian pine species should also be avoided as they can be poisonous.


Search for any toxicity reports before collecting needles from an unknown pine tree. Stick to pines you can properly identify to be safe.

Can Chickens Eat Pine Needles Raw?

Chickens can safely consume pine needles raw. In fact, they forage on fresh fallen pine needles naturally when free-ranging. The pine’s nutrients, vitamins, and oils are still present and useful when consumed raw and unprocessed.

Offer raw pine needles freshly picked or within a day or two before they begin drying out. Provide a small handful per chicken just a couple of times a week. Watch to ensure the raw needles are not upsetting your chicken’s stomach or causing any digestive issues.

Can Chickens Eat Pine Needles Cooked?

You can cook pine needles and feed them to chickens as well. Simply pour boiling water over fresh needles and allow to steep for 15-20 minutes. The hot water helps extract beneficial oils and compounds, almost like tea.

Let the pine needle tea cool completely before pouring it into your chicken’s feed or allowing them to drink directly. This can provide a nice immunity boost during cold winter months when the pine needles are fresh and abundant.

Cooking pine needles also softens them up, making them safer for baby chicks if you wish to supplement their diet. But never feed cooked pine needles more than once a week.

Which Parts of Pine Needles Can Chickens Eat?

A Closeup View of Pine Needles (image by RondellMelling)
A Closeup View of Pine Needles

The entire pine needle can be consumed – the green needle itself as well as the brown papery sheath at its base. Both parts contain beneficial nutrients. The green needles contain more vitamins and oils, while the sheaths provide more fiber.

Chickens will naturally nibble on the entire needle if allowed to free range. When collecting pine needles, there is no need to detach the brown ends before feeding to your flock.

How Much Pine Needles Can Chickens Eat?

Adult chickens should only eat one or two small handfuls of pine needles 2-3 times per week at most. Chicks can be offered just a few pine needles per feeding, mashed up for safety.

When first introducing pine needles, start with just a few at a time to watch for reactions. Give too many pine needles and gastrointestinal upset may occur. Pay attention if chicken manure becomes loose.

Always provide plenty of normal feed and clean water along with pine needles. The bulk of a chicken’s diet should come from a complete feed and not foraged pine needles.

How to Feed Pine Needles to Chickens?

Here are some tips for safely feeding pine needles:

  • Select needles freshly fallen from pine trees. Avoid old, dried-out ones.
  • Pick needles free of dirt, sap, and debris. Give them a rinse or gentle scrub if needed.
  • Chop long needles into smaller pieces for easier consumption.
  • Mix a handful of needles into feed bowls or sprinkle on the feed.
  • Offer needles free choice in a small bowl in the run.
  • Allow chickens to free-range under pine trees in your yard occasionally.
  • Steep in hot water for an immunity-boosting pine needle tea. Let cool before giving to chickens.
A View of Scotch Pine Tree From The Below (image by Cairomoon)
A Scotch Pine Tree

Always supervise chickens when introducing any new food, like pine needles. Remove uneaten portions after 30-60 minutes.

How Often to Feed Pine Needles to Chickens?

In general, feed pine needles just 2-3 times per week. Offer chickens a small handful per bird with each feeding.

Try mixing some pine needles into feed one day and offering straight needles in a free choice bowl the next. You can also let chickens nibble fallen pine needles when free-ranging under the pine trees every few days.

Avoid feeding pine needles multiple days in a row. Overindulging could lead to an upset digestive system. Track if manure becomes loose after eating pine.

For variety, swap out pine needles with other healthy treats like cabbage, kale, berries, squash, melons, and/or other plants a few days a week too.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Pine Needles?

Baby chicks can safely eat small amounts of pine needles in moderation. The nutrients support growing chick health. Introduce pine slowly, starting with just a needle or two at a time once chicks are 2-3 weeks old.

Mash needles into tiny pieces before feeding to prevent choking. Cook needles in hot water to soften them up before feeding to day-old chicks.

Chicken hatchlings in a crate
Chicken Hatchlings in a Crate

Monitor chick droppings when introducing new foods like pine needles. Adjust quantity fed based on reactions. Provide extra water with new supplements to aid digestion.

In summary, pine needles can be a safe, healthy supplement for chickens old and young when fed carefully. Use caution, start slow, feed limited quantities, and variety will be key for happy, healthy chickens.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is pine needles OK for chickens?

Pine needles can be provided to chickens in moderation. They offer certain benefits, such as potentially aiding in digestive health. However, it’s essential to ensure that the pine needles are free from pesticides or harmful chemicals and are not moldy. Always introduce new foods gradually to monitor for any adverse reactions in the flock.

Can chickens eat pine needles safely?

Yes, chickens can eat pine needles safely when provided in appropriate quantities. Pine needles can serve as a natural source of fiber and may have some health benefits for chickens. However, it’s crucial to prepare them properly, ensuring they are clean and free from any contaminants. As with introducing any new food, observe your chickens for any signs of digestive upset or adverse reactions.

Are pine needles toxic to chickens?

In general, pine needles are not considered toxic to chickens when given in moderation. However, it’s essential to be cautious. Pine needles from certain pine species may contain substances that can be harmful if consumed in large quantities. Additionally, pine needles should be free from pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals that could be toxic to chickens. Always consult with a poultry expert or veterinarian if you have concerns about specific pine species or potential contaminants.

Can chickens forage for pine needles in the wild?

Chickens have a natural instinct to forage, and they may consume pine needles if they encounter them while ranging in the wild. However, it’s advisable to be cautious about allowing chickens to forage for pine needles, as not all pine species are safe for consumption. Some pine trees produce needles that contain substances potentially harmful to chickens. If you have pine trees on your property and are unsure about their safety, it’s best to consult with a poultry expert or veterinarian before allowing chickens access to forage among them.