Can Chickens Eat Pumpkin Seeds? Nutritional Insights

A Close Look at Pumpkin Seeds

Article Summary

  • Chickens can eat pumpkin seeds in moderation, as they offer various nutritional benefits.
  • Chickens can safely consume all varieties of pumpkin seeds, including raw, dried with or without shells, and roasted with mild seasoning.
  • The source of pumpkin seeds should be organically grown pumpkins without chemical treatment for the healthiest treat.

Pumpkins and their seeds are a classic symbol of fall. As humans, we love to roast the seeds for a satisfying snack. But what about our feathered friends? Can chickens eat pumpkin seeds too? Let’s take a look at the benefits and risks of feeding chickens pumpkin seeds.

Are Pumpkin Seeds Good for Chickens?

In moderation, yes! Pumpkin seeds offer some great nutritional benefits for chickens:

  • High in protein – The seeds provide amino acids for strong muscles and egg production. The protein also contains compounds that deter parasites.
  • Source of omega-3s – These healthy fats support brain development and immunity. The omega-3s come from the oil in the seeds.
  • Packed with minerals – Pumpkin seeds contain lots of iron, zinc, magnesium, and phosphorus for healthy bones, blood, feathers, and egg shells.
  • Antioxidants – Compounds like vitamin E act as antioxidants to reduce cell damage from free radicals. This supports overall health.
  • Natural dewormer – Pumpkins contain an amino acid called cucurbitin that paralyzes worms and flushes them from the digestive tract.

Pumpkin seeds make an excellent supplemental treat…

So pumpkin seeds make an excellent supplemental treat for chickens. Just be sure not to overdo it.

What Type of Pumpkin Seeds Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely enjoy all varieties of pumpkin seeds:

  • Raw green seeds straight from a fresh pumpkin. Scoop out the stringy pulp and rinse off the seeds before feeding.
  • Dried pumpkin seeds with or without the shells still on. These make a nice crunchy treat.
  • Roasted pumpkin seeds seasoned with just a little salt or spices. Avoid heavily salted or spicy flavors.
  • Sprouted pumpkin seeds are great for encouraging natural foraging behaviors. Chickens will enjoy hunting down the sprouts.
Chickens Inside a Tractor Coop
Chickens Inside a Tractor Coop

No matter what form you choose, like other seeds for your chickens, make sure the pumpkin seeds come from organically grown pumpkins that have not been treated with any chemicals. This ensures the healthiest treat for your flock.

Can Chickens Eat Pumpkin Seeds with the Shells On?

Yes, chickens can eat the entire pumpkin seed shell and all. Their gizzards are specially adapted to grind up seeds, hulls, and other hard foods.

The hulls provide extra fiber to support healthy digestion. Just don’t overdo the amount since too much fiber can sometimes cause impacted crops. Monitor your chickens after feeding seeds and look for normal eating, drinking, and pooping patterns.

Cracking open the shells does make the seeds easier to digest. But leaving some seeds whole and intact encourages natural foraging behaviors. So a mix of whole seeds and shelled seeds offers the best nutrition and enrichment.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Pumpkin Seeds?

Pumpkin seeds make a great treat even for baby chicks once they reach 2-3 weeks old. At this age, chicks have developed enough to handle the protein and fiber content.


Make sure seeds are chopped into bite-sized pieces for the youngest chicks. Their beaks and digestive systems are still quite small.

Also limit portions to just a few seeds per chick. Too much can lead to diarrhea or impacted crops. Aim for pumpkin seeds to make up no more than 5% of the total diet for chicks under 8 weeks old.

With just a few precautions, pumpkin seeds can provide great nutrition and fun foraging opportunities even for baby chickens. So don’t be afraid to share this fall treat with chicks and hens alike. Just monitor carefully and adjust portions as needed. Happy pecking!

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you feed chickens raw pumpkin seeds?

Yes, chickens can eat raw pumpkin seeds. Pumpkin seeds are a nutritious treat for chickens, providing them with essential nutrients like protein, fiber, and healthy fats. However, it’s crucial to offer them in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

How do you prepare pumpkin seeds for chickens?

To prepare pumpkin seeds for chickens, start by cleaning and separating them from the pulp of a fresh pumpkin. Rinse the seeds thoroughly to remove any remaining pulp. Afterward, you can either air-dry them or roast them for added flavor. Roasting can be done in the oven with a sprinkle of salt, providing an extra element of taste that chickens may find enticing. Once prepared, offer the pumpkin seeds as a healthy and enjoyable snack for your chickens.

Are pumpkin seeds a dewormer for chickens?

While pumpkin seeds contain cucurbitacin, which has mild anti-parasitic properties, they are not a substitute for dedicated deworming treatments. Including pumpkin seeds in a chicken’s diet may contribute to overall digestive health, but it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian and use specific deworming products for effective parasite control in chickens.