Can Chickens Eat Violets? The Flower-Filled Truth

Violet Flower Plant (image by Hans, Pixabay)

Article Summary

  • Chickens can eat violets safely, including flowers, leaves, seeds, and roots, and violets have vitamins A and C, calcium, phosphorus, and bioflavonoids.
  • Risks include potential saponin toxicity, pesticides from non-organic sources, choking hazards from seeds, and rare allergies.
  • Proper preparation, such as rinsing and drying violets and monitoring for any adverse reactions, is essential when feeding them to chickens.

Have you noticed your chickens eyeing the violets in your garden? You may be wondering if these colorful flowers are safe for your flock to eat. Violets can make a nutritious treat for chickens but do come with some precautions. Read on to learn everything you need to know about feeding violets to chickens.

Are Violets Poisonous to Chickens?

Violets are not poisonous to chickens. All parts of the violet plant, including the leaves, flowers, and seeds, are edible for chickens. Certain wild violets, like the dog violet, are even cultivated specifically for chicken feed.

So you can rest assured that your backyard violets won’t harm your flock. That said, violets do contain compounds called saponins that can cause upset stomach in very large amounts. As long as chickens are eating violets in moderation, toxicity is not a concern.

What Are The Benefits of Feeding Violets to Chickens?

Violets offer some great nutritional value and health benefits when fed to chickens in reasonable quantities:

  • Vitamins A and C – Violets contain high levels of vitamins A and C, both of which are important for chicken immunity and egg production. The vibrant pigments in violet flowers are loaded with vitamin A.
  • Calcium and phosphorus – The leaves and flowers provide supplemental calcium and phosphorus, two minerals essential for bone health and eggshell strength.
  • Bioflavonoids – Violets contain antioxidant compounds called bioflavonoids that can boost chicken health. These may even enhance egg yolk color.
  • Variation – Violets add variety to a chicken’s diet, which promotes better gut health. The flowers, leaves, and seeds provide different nutrients.

So feel free to treat your flock to a few violet flowers or leaves. Just don’t overdo it.

Are There Risks of Feeding Violets to Chickens?

While violets are safe for chickens, there are some potential downsides to be aware of when feeding them:

  • Saponins – As mentioned, violets contain saponins which can irritate the digestive tract. Limit treats to a handful per chicken.
  • Pesticides – Violets gathered from areas sprayed with pesticides or herbicides may cause illness. Pick violets growing in your own organic garden.
  • Choking hazard – The small seeds of violets may pose a choking risk. Chop or mash flowers and leaves for baby chicks.
  • Allergies – A small percentage of chickens may be allergic to violets. Discontinue feeding if any chickens show signs of allergy like diarrhea.

As long as you feed violet plants in moderation, none of these risks are serious. Monitor your flock after first introducing violets.

What Types of Violets Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can eat both wild and cultivated violets:

  • Wild violets – Common violet species like the English violet and dog violet are perfectly chicken-safe. Only feed wild violets you’re able to positively identify.
  • Garden violets – Ornamental violas and violets also make good chicken treats. Opt for organic. Avoid types treated with insecticides or other chemicals.
  • Edible violas – Pansy violas meant for human consumption have thicker, tastier petals. Try Johnny-jump-up violas or other edible varieties.


All violets are technically edible for chickens, but the ornamental flowers will likely be more palatable and nutritious.

Which Parts of Violets Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can eat all parts of the violet plant safely:

  • Flowers – Both the flower petals and the mild flavored centers are fair game for chickens. The flowers provide vitamin A.
  • Leaves – Young violet leaves contain vitamin C. Older leaves may be tough.
  • Seeds – The tiny black seeds of spent violet flowers provide nutrition. Crush these to prevent choking.
  • Roots – The roots are edible though chickens will not naturally forage for them.

Chickens will enjoy nibbling the tastiest flower heads and fresh young leaves. The wider the variety of parts consumed, the more nutritional value.

Are Violet Seeds Safe for Chickens to Eat?

The small black seeds found inside violet flowers are completely edible for chickens. However, their tiny size presents a potential choking hazard.

Jersey Giant Chickens Pecking and Scratching the Ground
Jersey Giant Chickens Pecking and Scratching the Ground

To safely feed violet seeds to chickens:

  • Crush dried seed pods to release the seeds. Or mash fresh flowers before feeding.
  • Chop or grind seeds to smaller pieces before feeding.
  • Only feed seeds to adult chickens, not baby chicks. Chicks can easily choke on small seeds.

When fed carefully in moderation, the seeds can provide extra protein, fat, and fiber. Take precautions, and seeds make a fine addition to the diet.

How Much Violet Can Chickens Eat?

Violets are best fed to chickens in moderation, about 1⁄4 cup of leaves and flowers per hen per day.

Overfeeding violets could cause digestive upset due to the saponin content. Limit treats to a few flowers or leaves at a time, and avoid giving them daily.

To encourage foraging behavior, scatter small amounts of violets around the run or coop. This will prevent chickens from gorging themselves.

Consider violets an occasional treat, not a primary food source. They combine well with other edible flowers and greens.

How Do You Feed Violets to Chickens?

Here are some tips for safely feeding violets to your flock:

  • Pick fresh, organic violets from your yard – avoid chemicals. Shake off any dirt or insects.
  • Gently rinse the flowers and leaves if needed. Allow to fully dry before feeding.
  • Pluck the flowers and leaves off the stem or roughly chop them into bite-sized pieces.
  • Scatter pieces in the run, coop, or feeder to encourage pecking and foraging.
  • Limit treats to a small handful per chicken per day.
  • Remove any uneaten violets at the end of the day.
Sweet Violet Flowers in The Wild (image by akirEVarga, Pixabay)
Sweet Violet Flowers

Follow these tips, and your chickens will happily nibble up their violet treats!

How Often Can You Feed Violets to Chickens?

Violets should be fed infrequently, just 1-2 times per week.

Feeding violets more often than that increases the risk of saponin toxicity and allergies. It may also decrease the novelty, which encourages natural foraging behaviors.

Rotate violets with other supplemental foods, like tomatoes, carrots, apples, and greens. Variety is key to a healthy chicken diet.

Think of violets as a garnish, not a main course item. Use them to add a pop of color and nutrition a few times a week at most.

Can Baby Chicks Eat Violet Flowers and Leaves?

Baby chicks under 12 weeks old should not be fed violets due to choking risk. The small seeds and leaves can easily get stuck in a chick’s crop.

Chicks around 12-6 weeks old can start enjoying tiny amounts of violets…

Once chicks reach adulthood, around 12-16 weeks old, they can start enjoying tiny amounts of violet flowers, leaves, and seeds.

To safely introduce violets:

  • Chop or mash flowers and leaves into tiny crumb-sized pieces.
  • Only feed 1-2 pieces per chick the first time.
  • Slowly increase the amount when chicks tolerate well.
  • Always supervise chicks when feeding treats.

With proper precautions, even baby chicks can benefit from the nutrition and yummy taste of violets in moderation.

So, in summary, violets make a nutritious supplemental treat for your backyard chickens. Feed both flowers and leaves in limited amounts a few times per week. Monitor for any signs of allergic reaction. And be extra cautious feeding tiny chicks under 12 weeks old. Following these guidelines, you can safely add violets to your flock’s diet for better health and happiness.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens eat violet seeds?

Chickens can consume violet seeds without significant harm. However, it’s crucial to monitor the quantity, as excessive intake may lead to digestive issues. Providing a varied diet is recommended for overall nutritional balance.

Are violets safe for chickens to consume?

Yes, violets are generally safe for chickens to consume in moderation. They can be a nutritious addition to the chicken’s diet, offering vitamins and minerals. However, it’s essential to ensure that violets are free from pesticides or chemicals that could harm the birds.

What happens if chickens eat violet flowers?

If chickens eat violet flowers in moderate amounts, there is usually no harm. In fact, some chicken keepers believe that violets can positively affect the health of chickens. However, as with any new food, it’s advisable to introduce violets gradually and observe the chickens for any adverse reactions.

Can chickens eat all types of violets?

Chickens can generally eat a variety of wild and cultivated violet species. However, it’s crucial to be aware of any plant that may have been sprayed with a pesticide or herbicide. It is best to pick flowers from your garden or from an area where you are certain that the flowers are not sprayed with any chemicals.