Can Chickens Eat Watermelon? Benefits & Risks for Chickens

Article Summary

  • Chickens can safely eat various types of watermelon, but certain parts, such as seeds and green skin, should be avoided. 
  • Watermelon can be a refreshing summer treat for chickens, but it’s essential to monitor chickens for potential issues like diarrhea, dehydration, choking, or crop impaction. Feeding watermelon should be done in moderation, with guidelines provided for different chicken ages and sizes.
  • Proper preparation of watermelon for chickens involves washing, removing seeds, and chopping the watermelon into small, bite-sized pieces.

Watermelon is a sweet, juicy summer fruit that humans love to eat. But can chickens eat watermelon too? The short answer is yes, chickens can eat watermelon and enjoy it as an occasional treat.

Watermelon has several potential benefits for chickens’ health and egg production. However, there are also some risks to be aware of when feeding chickens watermelon. Certain parts of the fruit should be avoided, and it’s best to feed watermelon in moderation.

In this detailed guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about feeding watermelon to chickens. We’ll discuss the pros and cons, which parts are safe, proper preparation and serving sizes. Let’s dive in!

Are Watermelons Good for Chickens? Potential Benefits of This Juicy Fruit

Watermelon has a high water content, which can help chickens stay hydrated on hot summer days. The fruit is also packed with beneficial nutrients that may boost chickens’ health. Here are some of the key vitamins, minerals and compounds found in watermelon:

  • Vitamin C – An antioxidant that supports immune health.
  • Vitamin A – Important for vision and reproductive health. Watermelon’s beta-carotene converts to vitamin A.
  • Potassium – Helps nerves and muscles function properly.
  • Lycopene – A carotenoid antioxidant with many health benefits.
  • Citrulline – An amino acid that may improve circulation and heart health.

The vitamins, minerals and antioxidants in watermelon can contribute to overall wellness in chickens. There’s also evidence that lycopene and other carotenoids from watermelon may enhance egg yolk color. So feeding chickens watermelon may potentially lead to richer, darker yolk colors.

Is it Safe for Chickens to Eat Watermelon? Potential Risks to Consider

While watermelon does offer some benefits, there are also a few potential risks to consider before feeding it to chickens:

Choking hazard – Chunks of watermelon may present a choking risk, especially for younger chickens or bantam breeds. It’s best to chop or mash the fruit into smaller pieces.

High sugar content – The natural sugars in watermelon could cause digestive upset if chickens eat too much. Moderation is key.

Citrulline poisoning – While citrulline is normally beneficial, very high doses from watermelon rind/peels could potentially cause neurological issues in chickens.

Pesticide residue – Watermelons may contain pesticide residues if not grown organically. Be sure to wash the rind thoroughly before feeding.

As long as you feed watermelon in moderation and follow proper preparation tips, the fruit can be a safe, healthy treat for chickens. But be cautious of overindulging.

What Type of Watermelon Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can eat all types of watermelon including seeded, seedless, yellow, orange, mini and standard sizes. Different varieties offer similar health benefits.

The most important factor is choosing ripe, healthy watermelons. Avoid damaged, bruised or spoiled melons which could make chickens sick. Also be sure to thoroughly wash the rind to remove bacteria.

Organic, homegrown watermelons are ideal since they contain less pesticides. But store-bought watermelons are fine as long as you wash them well before feeding.

Can Chickens Eat Raw Watermelon?

Yes, chickens can eat fresh, raw watermelon right off the rind!

Chickens don’t need their fruit and veggies cooked like humans. They can happily eat watermelon freshly cut from the melon.

Raw watermelon provides the most nutrition too. Cooking the fruit could damage the heat-sensitive vitamins.

Just be sure raw watermelon is chopped into small, bite-sized pieces before feeding to chickens. Large chunks present a choking risk.

Can Chickens Eat Yellow Watermelon?

Yellow watermelon varieties are safe for chickens to eat. Their bright yellow flesh indicates higher levels of beta-carotene compared to red watermelons.

When chickens eat yellow watermelon, the beta-carotene converts to vitamin A in their bodies. Vitamin A supports eye health, growth, and reproduction in chickens.

So yellow watermelon may offer more vitamin A benefits compared to red varieties. But both are nutritious treats in moderation.

Can Chickens Eat Rotten Watermelon?

No, chickens should never eat moldy, rotten or spoiled watermelon. Consuming rotten fruit could make chickens very sick.

Discard any watermelon that is overripe, damaged, or has mold/rotten spots. Only feed fresh, healthy watermelon to chickens.

Signs a watermelon has gone bad include:

  • Mold or soft/mushy spots
  • Foul, sour odor
  • Leaking rind
  • Shriveled, dried out appearance

When in doubt, throw it out. Don’t take risks by feeding questionable watermelon to your flock.

Which Parts of Watermelon Can Chickens Eat?

Chickens can safely eat the red watermelon flesh and some of the white rind. Other parts like the skin, leaves and stems should be avoided. Here’s a breakdown:

Can chickens eat watermelon flesh?

Yes, the red/pink flesh is the tastiest, healthiest part for chickens. Make sure to remove all seeds first, as they can cause digestive upset. Then chop the watermelon flesh into bite-size pieces before feeding to chickens.

Can chickens eat watermelon rind?

Chickens can eat the white rind in small amounts, as it contains beneficial nutrients. But the thick rind is tough to digest, so chop it finely or scrape off some of the green skin if including it. Too much rind can cause diarrhea.

Can chickens eat watermelon skin?

No, avoid feeding the green watermelon skin/peel to chickens. The skin contains citrulline which can cause poisoning in high amounts.

Can chickens eat watermelon seeds?

Watermelon seeds can cause digestive upset or even choking. It’s best to remove the seeds before feeding watermelon to chickens.

Can chickens eat watermelon juice?

Yes, the juice from freshly cut watermelons is safe and nutritious for chickens. You can collect leftover juice and provide it as a treat. Just avoid adding sugar!

Can chickens eat watermelon peels?

It’s best to avoid the green peel, just feed the pink/white flesh and rind. The peel contains too much citrulline.

Can chickens eat watermelon leaves/vines/plants?

Avoid feeding chickens any other part of the watermelon plant besides the fruit itself. The leaves, vines and stalks can be toxic. Stick just to the melon fruit.

By being selective about which parts you feed, watermelon can be a safe, healthy treat for chickens to enjoy.

Can Chickens Eat the Watermelon Stalks?

No, chickens should not eat any part of the watermelon plant except the fruit/melon itself.

The leaves, vines, stalks and rinds of the watermelon plant contain elevated levels of cucurbitacins. These compounds can potentially be toxic to chickens if consumed.

So it’s safest to avoid giving chickens access to any watermelon plants in the garden. Only offer them the chopped fruit/melon, not the entire plant.

What to Look Out For When Feeding Watermelon to Chickens

When feeding watermelon, keep an eye out for these potential signs of problems:

  • Diarrhea – Too much watermelon can cause loose droppings. Reduce the amounts if this occurs.
  • Dehydration – Watermelon has a diuretic effect. Ensure chickens have adequate fresh water available at all times.
  • Choking – Gagging or coughing up pieces could indicate improper sizes. Always chop watermelon into small bits.
  • Lack of interest – Some chickens may not like the taste. Don’t force them to eat it if uninterested.
  • Fighting – Watermelon is a high-value treat. Keep an eye out for bullying at the feeder.
  • Crop impaction – Overeating watermelon can potentially cause crop problems. Feed in moderation.


By monitoring your flock during and after eating watermelon, you can spot any adverse reactions and adjust amounts accordingly.

How to Prepare Watermelon for Your Chickens

Here are some tips for preparing watermelon to maximize safety and nutrition for chickens:

  • Wash thoroughly – Scrub the rind well to remove dirt and chemical residues.
  • Remove seeds – Scoop out all the black seeds which can cause digestive upset.
  • Chop small pieces – Cut watermelon flesh into bite-size bits no bigger than 1/2 inch cubes.
  • Mix with feed – Combine chopped melon with regular feed to discourage gorging.
  • Remove rind – Peel off the tough green skin and outer white layer if desired.
  • Cut off rind – For easier eating, cut the red flesh away from the thick rind.
  • Scrape off skin – Use a knife to remove the green peel while leaving some white rind.
  • Mash for chicks – Blend watermelon into a mush for younger chicks who can’t swallow big pieces.

Follow these tips to allow chickens to safely enjoy this juicy fruit.

How Much Watermelon Can You Feed Chickens?

When feeding treats like watermelon, moderation is key. Chickens should get no more than 10% of daily calories from treats. Here are some guidelines for amounts:

  • 1-2 small cubes per chick – Tiny bites for younger chickens
  • 1/4 cup cubes per adult chicken – A handful a couple times a week
  • 1/2 cup a few times a week – For larger breeds
  • Avoid free-feeding – Don’t leave watermelon sitting out in coops

Monitor to ensure chickens are eating a balanced diet and not filling up exclusively on fruit. Adjust amounts based on your flock’s interest level and reaction.

Can You Feed Watermelon to Chickens Every Day?

It’s best to limit watermelon treats to a few times per week rather than daily. The high sugar content makes daily consumption risky.

Feeding watermelon daily can cause diarrhea, digestive upset, weight gain, crop problems and other issues in chickens. It loses its novelty as a special treat as well.

Aim to offer watermelon as a refreshing snack a few times a week during hot summer months when the fruit is in season. But avoid making it a daily habit.

Watermelons as a Summer Treat for Chickens

Watermelon makes a fitting seasonal treat for chickens during summer for a few key reasons:

Hydration – The high water content helps hens stay hydrated in summer heat.

Cooling effect – Watermelon’s hydration and sugars have a cooling, refreshing effect for chickens.

Supports egg production – The nutrients may boost egg production during hot weather when eggs can decline.

Enjoyable taste – Most chickens love the sweet taste as an occasional indulgence.

When the weather heats up, chilling chunks of watermelon in the fridge before serving provides chickens an extra refreshing, cooling treat during hot summer months. Just stick to moderation.

What Age Can Chickens Eat Watermelon?

Watermelon can be introduced to chicks once they are around 4-6 weeks old. Their digestive systems are developed enough at this age to safely handle the sugars and fibers.

Younger chicks under 4 weeks old should avoid watermelon, as they cannot tolerate high sugar fruits well. Wait until juvenile chickens are feeding on starter or grower feed before offering watermelon.

When introducing watermelon to young chicks, be sure to mash or finely chop the fruit into tiny pieces they can safely swallow. Monitor closely for any signs of indigestion or diarrhea.

Do Watermelon Seeds Act as a Dewormer?

many people claim watermelon seeds naturally deworm chickens…

This is a popular myth – many people claim watermelon seeds naturally deworm chickens. However, there is no scientific evidence that watermelon seeds actually kill or expel worms.

The myth may have started because chickens enjoy eating watermelon seeds. Or because chickens’ gizzards can crush the firm seeds to possibly help expel internal parasites.

However, eating seeds provides no proven anti-parasitic benefit. Watermelon flesh can still be fed, just remove the seeds which may cause choking or diarrhea issues.

Veterinarian-approved dewormers should be used to effectively treat worm infections. While veggies and fruits can promote general health, they do not replace proper medication.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Watermelon?

Yes, watermelon can be fed to baby chicks once they reach 4-6 weeks old. Chicks younger than 4 weeks should avoid watermelon, since their digestive systems are still too immature to handle sugars and fiber well.

When introducing watermelon, mash or chop the fruit into tiny, chick-sized bits. Only offer a few pieces at a time, and monitor closely for diarrhea or other issues.

Limit treats to about 10% of the overall diet for young chicks. Make sure they are eating sufficient starter feed as well for balanced nutrition.

With proper precautions and monitoring, even baby chicks can enjoy juicy watermelon as an occasional summer treat!

So in summary, yes chickens can eat watermelon safely and enjoy it as a sweet, hydrating snack. Just be mindful of choking hazards, pesticides and high sugar content by following proper preparation and serving guidelines. When fed responsibly, watermelon makes a nutritious alternative treat to supplement a chicken’s regular diet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens eat raw watermelon?

Yes, chickens can safely eat raw watermelon. Watermelon provides chickens with nutrients like vitamins A, C, and B-6, as well as potassium and magnesium. It’s generally recommended to feed chickens seedless or diced watermelon to prevent choking on seeds or rinds.

What age can chickens eat watermelon?

Chickens of any age can eat watermelon. Even baby chicks can benefit from the nutrients, fluids, and sweet taste. Older chickens will enjoy pecking at larger diced or whole watermelon pieces.

Can chickens eat watermelon with seeds?

Chickens can eat watermelon with seeds, but it’s safer to remove the seeds first. The seeds pose a choking risk and chickens cannot properly digest them. If feeding seeded watermelon, chop it into small pieces to minimize hazards.

Can chickens eat old watermelon?

Yes, chickens can safely eat older watermelon that may not taste as sweet. As long as mold has not developed, the nutrients remain intact. Just be aware older watermelon contains less moisture, so provide a separate water source.

Can chickens eat watermelon rind?

Chickens can eat small amounts of watermelon rind, which contains beneficial nutrients, but too much can cause digestive upset. Dice the rind into bite-sized pieces first to make it easier to digest. Best practice is to scrape off and discard the outer green layer of skin.