Can Chickens Eat Willow Leaves? An In-Depth Guide for Chicken Owners

Chickens inside a Coop

Article Summary

  • Chickens can safely eat willow leaves in moderation, as they are not poisonous and contain salicin, which is a natural pain reliever and anti-inflammatory.
  • Willow species such as white willow and black willow are considered safest for chickens, while leaves from the weeping willow should be avoided due to higher salicin concentrations.
  • Chickens should be fed 1-2 ounces of willow leaves per bird per day, and they can be given to baby chicks over 2-3 weeks old in small quantities, finely chopped or ground.

Chickens are natural foragers that enjoy pecking and grazing on a variety of plants. If you have willow trees on your property, you may be wondering if the leaves are safe for your flock to eat. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore everything you need to know about feeding willow leaves to chickens.

Is it Safe for Chickens to Eat Willow Leaves?

The short answer is yes! Willow leaves are not poisonous to chickens and can be fed to them in moderation. Willow contains salicin, which is converted to salicylic acid in the body. Salicylic acid acts as a natural pain reliever and anti-inflammatory, similar to aspirin. It’s completely safe for chickens when consumed in small amounts.

Willow species such as white willow and black willow are safest for chickens to eat. Avoid feeding chicken leaves from the weeping willow, which contains higher concentrations of salicin that can cause digestive upset.

What Are the Benefits of Feeding Willow Leaves to Chickens?

A Closeup on White Willow Leaves (image by WikimediaImages, Pixabay)
White Willow Tree Leaves

There are several health benefits to supplementing your flock’s diet with willow leaves:

  • Natural anti-inflammatory properties from salicin. This can help relieve joint pain and swelling.
  • Source of vitamins A, C, and E. Support immune health and egg production.
  • Provides a variety of antioxidants. May reduce cell damage from free radicals.
  • The high fiber content aids digestion and gut health.
  • Encourages natural foraging behavior. Keeps chickens entertained.

As long as they are fed in moderation, willow leaves make an excellent addition to a balanced diet for chickens of all ages.

How Much Willow Can Chickens Eat?

Willow leaves should be fed sparingly as a supplemental treat. As a guideline, chickens should consume no more than 1-2 ounces of leaves per bird per day. Avoid allowing chickens to gorge on large amounts of willow.

Some chickens may be more sensitive to the salicin content…

Monitor your flock after first offering willow leaves. Reduce the amount if any chickens seem lethargic or have diarrhea. Some chickens may be more sensitive to the salicin content than others.

How Often to Feed Chickens Willow Leaves

Aim to feed willow leaves just 2-3 times per week. This provides health benefits without overdoing it on the natural pain-relieving compounds in the leaves.

You can offer willow leaves as part of a mixed salad with other greens. Or hang small willow leaf bundles within the coop for chickens to nibble on throughout the day.

Rotate willow leaves with other supplemental foods, like pumpkin, kale, berries, and squash, or some other plants for variety. Chickens shouldn’t eat the same treats every single day.

A Weeping Willow Dipping in The Water (image by Denkfalle,Pixabay)
A Weeping Willow Tree

Can Baby Chicks Eat Willow Leaves?

Willow leaves are fine for baby chicks over 2-3 weeks old in small quantities. Wait until chicks are fully feathered before providing any treat foods.

Chop the leaves finely or grind them up before feeding them to young chicks. Their digestive systems are quite delicate. Monitor closely and stop feeding willow immediately if any abnormal droppings are observed.

Do Willow Leaves Affect Eggs?

There is no evidence that occasional willow leaf consumption impacts egg production, quality, or taste. The salicin content is generally not high enough to be transferred to eggs when fed properly.


Always maintain a high-quality commercial feed as the staple diet. This ensures hens get balanced nutrition for optimal egg laying. Willow leaves make a beneficial periodic supplement but shouldn’t replace layer feed.

Willow leaves provide a safe, natural way to add variety to your backyard flock’s diet. In moderation, they offer excellent health benefits with very low risk. Follow these guidelines on amounts and frequency, and your chickens will enjoy nibbling on willow from your trees.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are willow leaves safe for chickens?

Yes, willow leaves are generally safe for chickens to consume. In fact, they can be a healthy addition to their diet when offered in moderation. Willow leaves contain certain nutrients and can be a natural source of enrichment for your chickens.

What types of willow leaves are toxic to chickens?

While most willow leaves are safe, it’s important to be cautious with certain varieties. Avoid using leaves from weeping willows, as they contain salicin, which can harm chickens in large quantities. Stick to safer varieties like the goat willow or pussy willow for your chickens.

How often can I feed my chickens willow leaves?

Moderation is key when feeding willow leaves to chickens. A few times a week is generally safe, but monitor your chickens for any signs of digestive issues or aversion. Introduce willow leaves gradually, and observe how your flock responds to ensure it complements their overall diet without causing any problems.