Can Chickens Safely Feast on Zinnias From Your Garden?

A Closeup at Orange Zinnia (image by Hermann, Pixabay)

Article Summary

  • Chickens can safely eat zinnias, including leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems, as they are non-toxic and nutritious for them.
  • While zinnias are generally safe, precautions include feeding them in moderation to avoid loose droppings, avoiding pesticide-treated flowers, preventing choking hazards, and eliminating moldy blossoms.
  • Zinnias can be served to chickens 2-3 times per week as an occasional treat and to baby chickens at 2-3 weeks old.

Do you have an abundance of beautiful zinnias in your garden and wonder if you can share these edible flowers with your flock of chickens? Zinnias are a popular annual flower that is easy to grow, available in a rainbow of colors, and makes a cheerful addition to any summer garden.

While chickens will enthusiastically eat almost anything you offer them from your vegetable patch, it’s smart to understand the pros and cons of any new treat before tossing it into the coop. Let’s explore the key questions every chicken keeper should know before letting their hens nibble on zinnias.

Is It Safe for Chickens to Eat Zinnias?

The short answer is yes, zinnias are safe and nutritious for chickens to eat.

All parts of the zinnia plant, including the leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems, are non-toxic to chickens. Zinnias do not contain alkaloids, cyanide, oxalates, or other poisonous compounds that could harm your flock.

Both ornamental and edible zinnia varieties are safe for chickens. The flowers add vivid colors to your coop while providing valuable nutrition.

What Are The Benefits of Feeding Zinnias to Chickens?

Chickens Foraging on Plants (image by Kim Gorga)
Chickens Foraging on Plants

Munching on zinnias offers several health benefits for your feathered friends:

  • Nutrition – Zinnias provide protein, fiber, calcium, carotenoids, and omega-3 fatty acids. The edible flowers are high in vitamin C and antioxidants.
  • Healthy Egg Yolks – The carotenoid pigments in zinnias may help deepen the color of egg yolks. Dark yellow, orange, or reddish yolks indicate the presence of nutrients.
  • Natural Behaviors – Foraging and pecking at flowers allows chickens to engage in normal, healthy behaviors. It prevents boredom and aggression in the coop.
  • Variety – Offering zinnias and other garden greens adds diversity to a chicken’s diet. A mix of treats keeps chickens active and interested at mealtimes.

Are There Any Risks in Feeding Zinnias to Chickens?

Zinnias are considered non-toxic and safe for chickens. However, there are a few considerations:

  • Consume in moderation – Too many flowers could cause loose droppings. Offer zinnias as a supplemental treat, not a staple food.
  • Avoid pesticide use – For safety, only give chickens organically grown zinnias not treated with pesticides or herbicides.
  • Prevent choking hazards – Chop or mash larger zinnia flowers to prevent potential choking hazards. Avoid wilted or slimy flowers.
  • Eliminate moldy blossoms – Toxins from mold can grow on dead flowers, so remove any that have turned fuzzy or brown.

With reasonable precautions, backyard chickens can savor both the beauty and flavors of homegrown zinnias.

What Type of Zinnias Can Chickens Eat?

The most common zinnia varieties that chickens can safely enjoy include:

  • Dwarf Zinnias – Low-growing bushy plants with small, colorful blooms. Ideal for chicken coop edging.
  • Cut and Come Again Zinnias – Produces an abundance of flowers for continual cutting and regrowth.
  • Giant Zinnias – Large, showy 4-6 inch blossoms on tall 2+ foot stems. Durability makes them good for chicken foraging.
  • Edible Zinnias – Breeds marketed as edible flowers with a mild, sweet flavor. ‘Zahara Starlight Rose’ is a pretty pink option.
  • Mexican Zinnias – Vibrant bi-colored blooms. The profuse flowers attract pollinators as well as chickens.

With so many zinnia types to choose from, you can easily find an ideal match for your garden and flock.

Can Chickens Eat Zinnias Raw?

Absolutely! Raw zinnias are perfectly safe and nutritious for chickens to eat straight from the garden.

The bright colors, sweet nectar, and crisp textures of zinnias will entice chickens to nibble…

The bright colors, sweet nectar, and crisp textures will entice chickens to nibble the fresh blossoms right off the stem. Chickens can safely consume all parts of the zinnia plant raw – leaves, flowers, seeds, and stems.

For safety, be sure raw zinnias have not been treated with any synthetic pesticides or other chemicals. Also, offer the flowers in moderation to avoid diarrhea from too many rich blossoms.

Can Chickens Eat Zinnia Petals?

The brightly colored petals are the tastiest part of the zinnia flower for chickens. Both large and small zinnia varieties are fine for chickens to eat.

The thin, silky petals have a sweet, mild flavor. Chickens will forage for the bright blossoms and peel off the tasty petals.

Remove any old or browned flowers to avoid mold. To ensure chickens don’t choke, chop or mash larger petals into bite-sized pieces.

Brightly Colored Zinnias in Summer (image by _Alicja_, Pixabay)
Zinnias in Summer

Can Chickens Eat Zinnia Stems?

The small green stems of zinnia plants provide fiber and nutrients chickens can safely eat. The younger, more tender stems are best.

Trim off any tough, woody lower parts of the stems which could pose a choking hazard. Make sure to chop or mash any thicker stems into small pieces for baby chicks.


Offering chickens fresh zinnia stems encourages natural foraging behaviors and provides enrichment. It also reduces garden waste by allowing you to use more of the plant.

Can Chickens Eat Zinnias Cooked?

While chickens will enthusiastically eat raw zinnias, you can also cook the flowers before feeding them.

Try tossing some brightly colored zinnia blossoms into eggs, stir-fries, salads, or other cooked chicken dishes. Cooking softens the petals, making them easier to chew and digest.

Lightly blanch or saute zinnia flowers first to retain some texture and nutrients. Avoid overcooking the delicate petals into mush.

For a nutritious warm treat, add a handful of dried or fresh zinnia petals to your flock’s hot mash.

Can Chickens Eat Zinnia Leaves?

The leaves of zinnia plants are edible for chickens and offer nutritional value. Zinnia leaves contain niacin, calcium, iron, and vitamins A, C, and K.

The tender young leaves closest to the top are the tastiest. Older or oversized leaves can be bitter and tough. Chop or tear any large leaves to make them more palatable.

Offer zinnia leaves in moderation along with the flowers. Too many leaves may cause loose droppings, so feed as an occasional treat, not a main diet component.

How Much Zinnias Can Chickens Eat?

Hen and Chicks Outdoors
Hen and Chicks Outdoors

Zinnias are safe but should be fed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. As a supplemental treat, chickens can eat around 1-2 zinnia blossoms per 4 pounds of body weight daily.

Start with small amounts and gradually increase if the chickens tolerate it well. Observe your flock’s droppings; diarrhea can result from overindulging in rich flowers.

Rotate zinnias with other leafy greens, vegetables, fruits, and high-protein foods. For variety, also try calendula, nasturtiums, violets, marigolds, and other edible plants or flowers from your garden.

How to Feed Zinnias to Chickens?

Here are some tips for safely serving zinnias to your flock:

  • Offer freshly picked zinnias within a few hours to preserve freshness. Discard any old or wilted flowers.
  • Gently rinse to remove dirt or insects. Pat dry before feeding.
  • Pluck off and discard worm-eaten, browned, or slimy petals.
  • Remove thick stems and chop or mash the remaining parts into bite-size pieces.
  • Scatter small amounts around the coop and run to encourage natural foraging.
  • Combine chopped zinnias into a mixed veggie salad or compost pile for flock foraging.
  • Mix dried zinnia petals into feed or serve on top for color and nutrition.

How Often to Feed Zinnias to Chickens?

Zinnias can be fed to chickens around 2-3 times per week as an occasional treat. Avoid feeding zinnias daily or in large amounts.

Watch for any signs of diarrhea or other tummy troubles and adjust the amount fed accordingly. It’s ideal to offer a diverse mix of fresh greens, veggies, and edible flowers in rotation to supplement their layer feed.

Zinnias in The Meadows (image by Ralphs_Fotos, Pixabay)
Zinnias in The Meadows

Growing zinnias near the coop makes it easy to snip off a few each week. The cut flowers will readily regrow, providing an ongoing bountiful treat.

Can Baby Chickens Eat Zinnias?

Baby chicks can start enjoying small amounts of zinnias at 2-3 weeks old as they transition to solid foods. Introduce zinnia parts slowly, along with starter feed.

Chop the zinnias finely or mash them before feeding them to very young chicks. Avoid any choking hazards from large pieces. Also, be vigilant for signs of diarrhea from too much high-moisture treat.

Within limits, the nutrients and fiber in zinnias can aid digestion and development in growing chicks. Just remember moderation is key when supplementing their starter ration.

With proper precautions, backyard chickens of all ages can safely savor the flavor and nutrition of homegrown zinnias. If you want vibrant egg yolks and happy hens, toss them some of these lovely edible flowers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chickens eat zinnia seeds?

Yes, chickens can eat zinnia seeds without any harmful effects. Zinnia seeds are not toxic to chickens and can be a nutritious addition to their diet. However, as with any treat, it’s essential to offer them in moderation to maintain a balanced and healthy feeding regimen for your chickens.

Do chickens eat zinnias?

Chickens may eat zinnias, as these colorful flowers are generally safe for them. Chickens are known to forage on various plants and insects, and zinnias are no exception. While zinnias are not a staple food for chickens, providing them as an occasional treat can be a source of entertainment and variety in their diet.

Are zinnias toxic to chickens?

No, zinnias are not toxic to chickens. These flowers are generally safe for chickens to consume in moderation. However, it’s crucial to be aware of potential pesticides or chemicals that may be present in the zinnias if they are not organically grown. Always ensure that any plants offered to chickens are free from harmful substances to maintain the health of your flock.